BORDER NEWS WATCH SPECIAL EDITIONS - 1/2019

 

 

1/5/2019 BORDER NEWS WATCH SPECIAL EDITION

 

US Congress
Failing to Put Your (Appropriations) Money Where Your Mouth Is

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Opinion
Immigration among the top concerns in 2019, poll shows
Americans want border security, and the numbers show it
Letter: Better ways to secure the border

Letter to the Editor: Reader supports building the border wal
2020 Democrats are making the same immigration mistake as Hillary Clinton

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The "Wall
"
A Wall is a Wall is a Wall…
Contract awarded for construction of California border wall
Trump's 'Operation Hold the Line' on the Border Wall
Trump's wall: How much has been built so far?
'If I Come to Your Home, Do You Want Me to Knock or Climb Through the Window?' Border Patrol Agents Defend Shutdown
Trump With Border Patrol, ICE Officials: ‘Without a Wall, You Cannot Have Border Security’

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
GoFundMe Accounts
Man creates Go Fund Me account for border tunnels
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
DHS
‘Poorly Written’ Human Trafficking Law, Court Cases Are Roots of Border Crisis, Says DHS
Pentagon asked for more help, concertina wire, on border
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
DoS

State Department Announces New Public-Private Foreign Assistance Partnership for Southern Mexico and Central America: Will it be effective and taint-free?
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
USCIS
No Billion-Dollar Immigration Slush Fund? It Already Exists
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Border Patrol
Coast Guard Medical Teams to Assist Border Patrol
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
SIAs
Security report focuses on Special Interest Aliens ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Samaritans
GV-Sahuarita group aids asylum-seekers in Tucson
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Illegal Immigration Policy
Best of 2018: 10 Immigration Reads to Prepare for 2019
Trump Administration Immigration Accomplishments

Trump's border wall would stop less than half of illegal immigration in the U.S.
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
lllegal Immigration
After years of Trump’s dire warnings, a ‘crisis’ has hit the border but generates little urgency
AP FACT CHECK: Visa overstays outpace border crossings _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Fox News on Immigration
IMMIGRATION
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Illegal Immigrants
Migrants’ Remittances to Mexico, Central America Jump to $53 Billion in 2018
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Sureno Gang
The Mexican Mafia affiliates known for murder, extortion and drug trafficking: How the Surenos gang tied to the California 'cop killer' has grown into one of the most feared criminal enterprises in the US
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Central American Migrants
Mexico closes border shelter for migrant caravan sparking protests
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Humanitarian
BorderLinks trip inspires locals

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
VISAS
AP FACT CHECK: Visa overstays outpace border crossings
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
DACA
DACA Illegal Aliens Surged Hispanic Vote, Flipping GOP Counties Blue ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

California
California and Los Angeles County to Remove 1.5 Million Inactive Voters from Voter Rolls – Settle Judicial Watch Federal Lawsuit ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
El Chapo
El Chapo trial: VZN confirms DEA nexus with Sinaloa Cartel
Sinaloa Cartel Heir Testified Vicente Fox’s Chief Bodyguard Worked for Them

4 Takeaways So Far From the US Trial Against ‘El Chapo

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Cartels
EXCLUSIVE — Narco-Terrorist Threatens to Bomb Mexican Border State Police HQ
Mexican Police Arrest Cartel Hitman for Execution of Border State Cops
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Politics
Trump's 'Operation Hold the Line' on the Border Wall
Trump With Border Patrol, ICE Officials: ‘Without a Wall, You Cannot Have Border Security’
Trump’s migrant deterrence strategy sees overcrowding, health threats and hundreds released on city streets at US-Mexico border
FACT CHECK: Mexico is not paying for the border wall, despite what Trump says
DACA Illegal Aliens Surged Hispanic Vote, Flipping GOP Counties Blue
CNN Suggests Trump to Blame for Illegals Attacking Border Patrol
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
GOM
Mexico's president to raise pay, boost economy along border so residents will have no reason to cross into U.S.
Cartels, Mexican Military Clash in Border City Before Presidential Visit __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Selected Incidents
Decorated US Special Forces veteran confesses to attempting to smuggle 40kg of cocaine from Colombia
Suspected drug tunnel discovered in Nogales, Sonora
Cochise County Sheriff Dannels Makes Drug Bust
Border Patrol: Migrant in distress atop snowy mountain rescued by agents
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Books
Double Wide ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Insight Crime News
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

·         GameChangers 2018: Political Shifts in Colombia, Mexico Cloud Outlook

·         The Expendables: The Weakest Links in the Drug Trafficking Chain

·         GameChangers 2018: The Year Crime Became an Ideology

·         Who Taught the MS13 Politics?

·         Solving Mexico Homicide Backlog Could Take 124 Years

·         Women, Youth Primed for Gang Recruitment in Venezuela

 


_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
From ICE Acting Director Homan:

Excerpt from:
https://www.numbersusa.com/blog/blame-congress-rapid-rise-illegal-border-crossings

REFORM THE TRAFFICKING VICTIMS PROTECTION REAUTHORIZATION ACT (TVPRA) -- Commonly referred to as the William Wilberforce Act, TVPRA prohibits Border Patrol from quickly removing unaccompanied children from non-contiguous countries who attempt to cross the border illegally. UACs from Mexico and Canada can be quickly returned once Border Patrol is able to determine that they're not victims of human trafficking. But for minors from countries outside of Mexico and Canada, minors must be turned over to Health and Human Services, allowing them to stay in the country indefinitely.

REFORM THE ASYLUM PROCESS -- Under existing law, anyone apprehended at the border who makes a credible fear claim that passes the initial screening is released. Since 2008, there's been a 1700% spike in the number of credible fear claims made at the Southern border, and 80% pass the credible fear screening. However, only 20% of those who pass the credible fear screening are granted asylum by a federal judge.

MANDATE E-VERIFY -- Foreign nationals cross the border illegally because they can obtain jobs in the U.S. Homan said requiring all employers to use E-Verify would discourage most illegal immigration to the United States and dramatically reduce the number of illegal border crossings.

END SANCTUARY CITIES -- At last count, more than 300 sanctuary jurisdictions exist across the country, including California which recently passed legislation making it a sanctuary state. Jurisdictions that protect illegal aliens from removal encourages illegal border crossings because illegal aliens know they have hundreds of safe-havens to choose from once they get here.

TERMINATE FLORES AGREEMENT -- The spike in the apprehension of family units is a result of the Flores Agreement, which restricts the period of time that Border Patrol can detain family units. The Flores Agreement encourages illegal border crossers to cross with children, knowing that Border Patrol has to release them after a certain period of time. If BP were able to hold family units until their court date, family units would be less likely to cross the border illegally.

All of Homan's policy recommendations are included in Rep. Bob Goodlatte's H.R. 4760, the Securing America's Future Act, but not surprisingly, none are part of the ongoing DACA amnesty negotiations between House Republicans.

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Opinion

 

ICE and Ignorance

 

Each year we make the journey from Arizona to our lake cabin in the north woods of Wisconsin.  During the last trip I was shaken from my boredom by flashing red lights in my rear view mirror. The look on my wife’s face was a reminder this wasn’t a new experience. As the officer approached, I kept my hands on the steering wheel until he asked for my license and insurance card.  Before he went to his car, I motioned toward my handgun mounted partly hidden but within reach. He smiled, nodded his head, returned to his car and soon returned with my documents but no speeding ticket.  While thanking him for his service as a law officer I was stunned by him thanking me for “carrying.” His words were spoken as he walked away.  As close as I recall he said, “We’re going to need you as much as you’ll need us.”  Additional words weren’t needed; I’d heard them before. Our nation is rapidly approaching the precipice of a monumental conflict between two factions of its citizens.  The balance of this column is one of many reasons the Sheriff and I agreed a symbolic match has been lit by the leftist.

 

In my last column, “Can we survive the divide” I wrote about the rise of Progressive politics from raw Communism as promoted by Saul Alinsky’s and his book “Rules for Radicals.”  Progressivism / Socialism is the genesis of today’s Leftist activities. The failing of Hillary Clinton’s guaranteed presidency destroyed the leftist plans and threw them into an uncontrollable rage against anything pro President Trump. There is even a name for this, “Trump Derangement Syndrome”, Childlike they could not accept defeat and began attacking the President and anything Conservative.

 

ICE is a powerful protector and defender of our nation, however, it not as well known as other branches of government.  It was carefully assembled after the 911 tragedy to better protect us from expected terrorist attacks. Their activities have been expanded greatly where needed.  With a decade of involvement in the Nogales Border Patrol Station as a member of the Citizen’s Advisory Board, I know the incredible importance of the ICE agency. Following is a very recent update of various types of duties and successes ICE performs to protect our nation.

 

If ICE had not been active, 981,000 pounds of the deadliest drugs would still be on our streets.  If ICE had not been charged with checking visas, over 800,000 individuals would not have been refused entry and stopped at our border. The protection of our citizens and country must come first.  900 children would still be in the hands of sex traffickers if ICE hadn’t searched and found them. 2,000 sex predators would be on our streets. More than 10,000 children would still be in the hands of foreign criminal organizations or still locked in semi-trailers or automobile trunks desperately trying to survive. Without ICE and DNA technology, 900 of 2,500 children would still be with an adult, possibly an unknown adult, posing as a parent. There are many other ICE challenges such as apprehending illegal aliens who have somehow made it past the limits of the Border Patrol Agents.

 

If those wishing to come to our country, why would they not go directly to a port of entry?  Many are U.S. Citizens who have gone to Mexico, where they committed crimes, and are trying to return back to the USA, their homeland,

 

In a year’s tally it is not unusual for more than seventy different countries to be represented by ICE apprehensions of their citizens crossing illegally. Russians, Chinese, Iranians and Syrians are just a few.

 

The MS-13 criminal gang members from El Salvador cross our borders to start deadly gangs. These bloodthirsty criminals literally butcher innocent citizens, especially young children for no apparent reason. Select ICE agents are assigned to these killers.

 

Criminals regularly attempt to cross with children posing as family members.  Later it’s found that the children have been forced to swallow balloons containing drugs, and will often turn them into child prostitutes.

 

One of the most common reasons for crossing our border are pregnant women who are near the time for birth so their children will become American citizens under the 14th amendment to the Constitution. Of course that permits them to claim benefits from our country. Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman, the deadliest drug lord in history is now in our maximum security prison. No more than a few years earlier his wife flew to California, gave birth to twins and returned to her home in Mexico.  We must attempt to understand why two of El Chapo’s children were born and became citizens because of our misinterpretation of an amendment to our Constitution.  The added amendment was primarily included for freed slaves to be included as U.S. Citizens.

 

Those who are uninformed are certain President Trump created the separation of children from their parents by himself.  Actually the President followed the law.  President Clinton happily signed the law sent to him from Congress in 1996. That law separates children from parents who had entered the country illegally.  President Bush used the law as well. President Obama followed suit enforcing the same law throughout his terms in office.  Of course thousands of illegal aliens came across during those years.

 

 I had the opportunity to visit one of the centers when a great number of children from numerous countries reunited with parents. ICE and the Border Patrol worked as expeditiously as possible to aid and attend to everyone’s needs.  Contrary to the leftist’s propaganda, “cages” is a terrible stretch of the imagination. Large areas were divided by link fences very much like those used around tennis courts. They were separated from other groups for obvious reasons. In one particular case TV’s were brought in and wired so everyone could watch with some enjoyment.  I was told the TV’s in most cases were brought from the agents homes.  

 

Looking back to the previous terms of Clinton, Bush and Obama where was the gnashing of teeth, where were the hateful chants and more specific, where were the moronic threats from leftist politicians who would threaten to abolish ICE?  Of course none of that occurred until President Trump came to office. 

 

When I see children and childlike adults carrying ABOLISH ICE placards during a protest it causes me to wonder if the ability to read or think somehow avoided them. Personally I can’t imagine anyone waving a placard that displays so clearly one’s ignorance.

 

President Reagan had a similar opinion of childish liberals. “The trouble with our Liberal friends is not that they’re ignorant; it’s just that they know so much that isn’t so.”

 


Mexico

Here’s How Mexico Treats Illegal Immigrants

Authored by: Matt Palumbo

While combating illegal immigration has long been a bipartisan issue, the so-called anti-Trump “resistance” has decided that guilt tripping anyone who supports a sensible immigration policy is a viable political strategy. We’ve all heard the arguments; that opposing illegal immigration is preventing people from “just looking for a better life,” or over the past few months, is “separating families.” And of course there’s the most common insult, that enforcing immigration laws is “racist.”

But are America’s immigration laws, or our treatment of illegal immigrants uniquely awful?

To answer that question, let’s examine the situation in another nation: Mexico.

Mexico Rejects More Asylum Requests than the U.S. 

Speaking of the rise in asylum request rejections under Trump, a writer at the American-Statesman noted a “dramatic” change. They write, “Immigration judges, who are employed by the Justice Department and not the judicial branch like other federal judges, rejected 61.8 percent of asylum cases decided in 2017, the highest denial rate since 2005.”

Meanwhile in Mexico, nearly 90 percent of asylum requests are denied (and the figures are similarly high for other Latin American countries, such as El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala).

Mexico Regulates Immigration Based on Race

I only bring this up, because for all the rhetoric about Trump’s supposed racism or disdain for certain immigrants, there is one country that does regulate their immigration flows by race, and that’s the country Trump is most accused of being racist against.

In Article 37 of Mexico’s General Law of Population, we learn that their Department of the Interior shall be able to deny foreigners entry into Mexico, if, among other reasons, they may disrupt the “domestic demographic equilibrium.” Additionally, Article 37 also states that immigrants can be removed if they’re detrimental to “economic or national interests.”

Mexico Deports More Central American Illegal Immigrants than the United States

In July 2014, former Mexican president, Enrique Peña Nieto and former president of Guatemala Otto Pérez Molina, announced the start of a migration security project called Plan Frontera Sur (Southern Border Plan). The U.S. has committed at least $100 million towards this plan to help aid Mexican border security, because it’s mutually beneficial. Both Mexico and the U.S. want to keep out Central American illegal immigrants (and they have to pass through Mexico to reach the U.S.)..

Since Plan Frontera Sur, Mexico has deported more central American illegal immigrants than we have in the U.S. Even CNN had to acknowledge that:

According to statistics from the US and Mexican governments compiled by the nonpartisan Migration Policy Institute, Mexico in 2015 apprehended tens of thousands more Central Americans in its country than the US did at its border, and in 2015 and 2016 it deported roughly twice as many Central Americans as the US did.Since migrant children are the hot-button topic in the American immigration debate currently; In 2014 there were 18,169 migrant children were deported from Mexico, and 8,350 deported to Central America the year before. From January 2015 to July 2016, 39,751 unaccompanied minors were put in the custody of Mexican authorities.

A report this year from Amnesty International concluded that “Mexican migration authorities are routinely turning back thousands of people from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala to their countries without considering the risk to their life and security upon return, in many cases violating international and domestic law by doing so.”

Mexico Has Their Own Southern Border – and Invisible Wall

For us much as Donald Trump is criticized by the political class in Mexico for wanting to beef up security on the U.S.-Mexico border, as previously mentioned, Mexico has accepted our help in enforcing their immigration laws on their own southern border with Guatemala. While they don’t have a literal border fence, they do have checkpoints, patrols, raids, etc. According to NPR:

Rather than amassing troops on its border with Guatemala, Mexico stations migration agents, local and federal police, soldiers and marines to create a kind of containment zone in Chiapas state. With roving checkpoints and raids, Mexican migration agents have formed a formidable deportation force.
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

14 killed in shooting attacks in Mexican border city

Read more at:
//economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/64717234.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_cam____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________In Homan's conversation with CIS's Jessica Vaughan, he identified five actions that Congress can take to end the surge of illegal border crossings.


===============================================================================================================================================================================

The Current "Wall" Images

========================================================================================================================================================

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NEW BOOK by Judicial Watch's Tom Fitton: Clean House: Exposing Our Government's Secrets and Lies

Judicial Watch: Open Records Laws and Resources ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Leo Banks is a Tucson-based reporter who covers border-related issues.

New Book
Double Wide
A novel by
Leo W Banks

=================================================================================================================================================================================

Excerpt from CIS: https://cis.org/Fact-Sheet/Asylum-Removal-and-Immigration-Courts

Asylum

Definition:

An applicant for asylum has the burden to demonstrate that he or she is eligible for that protection. To satisfy that burden, the applicant must prove that he or she is a refugee. A “refugee” is a person outside of his or her country of nationality or habitual residence who is “unable or unwilling” to return to that country “because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.”

Talking Points:

Expedited Removal

Definition:

The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) allows immigration officers — rather than judges — to order the deportation of arriving aliens who are inadmissible because of fraud or misrepresentation, because they have no documentation (like a passport or a visa) that would allow them to be admitted, or because they entered illegally and are apprehended within 100 miles of the border and 14 days of entry.

Talking Point:

Credible Fear

Definition:

If an alien in expedited removal asserts a fear of persecution, the arresting officer will refer the alien to an asylum officer for a “credible fear interview”. If the asylum officer determines that the alien has a credible fear, the alien is placed in removal proceedings before an immigration judge, where the alien can file his or her application for asylum. Under the INA, the term “‘credible fear of persecution’ means that there is a significant possibility, taking into account the credibility of the statements made by the alien in support of the alien’s claim and such other facts as are known to the officer, that the alien could establish eligibility for asylum under section 208.” This is a very low standard, and credible fear is found in 75 to 90 percent of all cases in which an alien claims credible fear.

Talking Points:

Bond

Definition:

“Bond” is the term used in immigration for the release of an alien pending removal proceedings or removal. Aliens can be released on their own recognizance, or on a minimum bond of $1,500. Bond can be granted by either an immigration judge or U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).

Parole

Definition:

“Parole” is the term used in immigration for the release of an arriving alien. It can only be granted by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Again, DHS can release an alien on parole on his or her own recognizance, or for a sum of money as bond.

Unaccompanied Alien Child (UAC)

Definition:

An alien under the age of 18 who enters the United States or is apprehended by DHS who does not have a parent or guardian in the United States. Under section 462 of the Homeland Security Act (2002), UACs must be turned over to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), not DHS, for detention.

Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 (TVPRA)

Definition:

Modified the rules governing the detention of unaccompanied alien children (UACs). Under the TVPRA, UACs must be turned over to HHS within 48 hours of detention by DHS, or identification as a UAC, and “promptly placed in the least restrictive setting that is in the best interest of the child,” generally meaning release to a family member or friend.

Talking Point:

Flores Settlement Agreement

Definition:

An agreement between the then-Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and a class of alien minors in 1997, which is currently overseen by Judge Dolly Gee of the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. In 2016, it was read to create a presumption in favor of the release of all alien minors, even those alien minors who arrive with their parents.

Talking Points:

Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR)

Definition:

Agency of the Department of Justice (DOJ) with jurisdiction over the immigration courts and the Board of immigration appeals (BIA).

Immigration Courts

Definition:

Courts with primary jurisdiction over removal proceedings. Immigration judges in these courts determine removability, set bond where they have jurisdiction, and can adjudicate applications for relief from removal, including asylum.

Talking Point:

Backlog

Definition:

Cases that have been pending before the immigration courts for more than one year. The backlog more than doubled from FYs 2006 through 2015, primarily due to declining numbers of cases completed per year. There were 437,000 pending cases at the start of FY 2015, when the median pending time was 404 days.

Talking Points:

Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA)

Definition:

 Appellate tribunal with jurisdiction over appeals from immigration courts. Most aliens have a right to appeal immigration court decisions to the BIA.

Topics: Immigration Courts, Asylum

Fact Sheet
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Southwest Border Tour, Spring 2019: Hosted by the Center for Immigration Studies
Read Accounts and View Pictures of Past Tours:
Unrest in the Rio Grande Valley
Diligence on a Changing Canadian Border
Constant Activity on the California Border
Holding Steady in West Texas
A Washington Narrative Meets Reality
Sunshine, Saguaros, and Smugglers
Reflections from the Border

 

End of 1/5/2019 BORDER NEWS WATCH SPECIAL EDITION

 

 

1/13/2019 BORDER NEWS WATCH SPECIAL EDITION

 

Brandon Darby
BRANDON DARBY: Propaganda About Border in Play, Mostly from Mainstream Media

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
US Congress
Michigan GOP congressman votes with Democrats despite support for border wall
Cracks Appearing on Both Sides of Border Wall Impasse in Congress

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Opinion
Brother of Slain Officer Ronil Singh Travels to Border with Trump, Speaks Out Against ‘Illegal Immigrants’
Immigration Update:Voters Don't Think Government's Doing Enough to Stop Illegal Immigration
Trump intends on delivering on border security
Why we need to trade the 'wall' for the 'door': COLUMN
We need a ‘smart fence’
Letter: Our border is in crisis, plain and simple
Courts could resolve wall impasse and end shutdown
If we chip in, we can buy a border wall for $55
Border crisis dictates (un)civil discourse
How Americans see illegal immigration, the border wall and political compromise

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Opinion Polls
Poll Finds 79% of Registered Voters Believe Illegal Immigration a Problem
Voters See Border Wall As Effective But No Emergency
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

The "Wall
"
Can A Wall Pay for Itself? An Update
Border fence build-up has long history in San Diego
Past projects show border wall building is complex, costly
'Not a Good Answer': Privacy Advocates Reject Democratic Proposal for 'Technological Wall' With Expanded Border Surveillance
WATCH: Border Agent Explains to Trump Why a Wall Won't Solve Problems at the U.S.-Mexico Border

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The "Wall": Israel
Here's another border wall getting high marks
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

The "Wall": A National Emergency ?
Here's what would happen if Trump declared a national emergency to build his border wall
Trump's threat of national emergency declaration explained
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The "Wall": Fact Check
Fact Check: Trump goes wall to wall on the wall
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
DHS
Border Wall Fight Rages, DHS Numbers Show Over 60,000 Enforcement Actions In December
‘Poorly Written’ Human Trafficking Law, Court Cases Are Roots of Border Crisis, Says DHS 
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The "Notice to Appear"
Supreme Court ruling has 'wide ramifications' here for border-crossing cases
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
DoS

State Department Announces New Public-Private Foreign Assistance Partnership for Southern Mexico and Central America: Will it be effective and taint-free?
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
USCIS
No Billion-Dollar Immigration Slush Fund? It Already Exists
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Border Patrol
Border Patrol Tells Trump Many Illegally Cross Border Who AREN’T Latin American
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Border Patrol Museum

US Border Patrol Museum opens a world on the evolving agency
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
FOX News on Immigration
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Pima County Sheriff
Pima County Sheriff on New York Times podcast: Border crisis is real
16 arrested in long undercover investigation across Pima, Cochise counties ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Terrorism
Terrorists and the southern border: Myth and reality
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Illegal Immigration Policy
Trump Claims There Is a Crisis at the Border. What’s the Reality?
Why we need to trade the 'wall' for the 'door': COLUMN
Deaths of 2 children in immigration custody highlight language barriers along the border
Unfounded myths used to justify policies of exclusion: Lancet
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Southwestern Border Sheriffs
Southwest Sheriffs: “We Must Secure Our Southern Border With Mexico”
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

SIAs
Migrants from Terrorist Nations Try to Enter U.S. Via Mexico at Record Rates—300% Hike in Bangladeshis in Texas Alone
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Smuggling
In 2018, U.S. Customs and Border Protection agents seized 2,400lbs of fentanyl
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Judicial
Supreme Court ruling has 'wide ramifications' here for border-crossing cases  
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Central American Migrants
11/2018: Ami Horowitz: The Truth Behind the Caravan
New migrant caravan in Honduras expected to head to US border: 'We're looking for refuge' ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Canada
Forget Mexico: Democrats turn focus to porous Canadian border
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

VISAS
AP FACT CHECK: Visa overstays outpace border crossings
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Gangs
DHS: Two NY MS-13 Stabbing Suspects Exploited Unaccompanied Minor Loophole to Enter U.S.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________

California
NEW CALIFORNIA GOVERNOR DOUBLES DOWN ON SANCTUARY STATE STATUS
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
El Chapo
Traffickers at the El Chapo trial say drugs aren't smuggled through open parts of the border
El Chapo Trial: "There is no code of silence among narcos"
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Cartels
29 Facts About the Border and Mexican Cartels You Need to Know
The tentacles of the Mexican cartels in the United States
GRAPHIC — 30 Killed in Mexican Cartel Clashes in Two Days near Texas
GRAPHIC: Mexican Cartel Gunmen Castrate, Murder Rivals
Grisly Mexican Gang Battle Near US Border Leaves 21 Dead
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Politics
Pres. Trump Urges Congress to Fund Border Security
Congressional Democrats are wobbling most on the wall

Kyrsten Sinema and Martha McSally divided on Trump's border wall

The Latest: No movement in settling record-long shutdown
Fact-checking Trump's address to the nation: President claims 'growing' crisis on southern border
POTUS is right, and he needs to hold the line: It’s About Immigration
CRISIS ON THE BORDER
WATCH: Dem Rep. Breaks From Democratic Talking Points On Border Wall
    Excerpt from above: "Congress come forward saying that it wouldn't work and it's stupid, when not only do we have the people who are actually in charge of border                 security saying it would work and it's not stupid, we can see that it already does work in places where there is a wall?"
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
GOM
Mexican Police Arrest Two Sinaloa Cartel Smugglers near U.S. Border
Mexican Police Halt Human Smugglers’ Attempts to Cut Border Fence in California __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Selected Incidents
Amid border wall debate, third drug tunnel found in less than a month along Arizona border
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Howard Buffett
Border Cowboys: Howard Buffett Is a Perfect Fit With Cochise County’s Legacy of Vigilantism
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Books
Double Wide ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Insight Crime News
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

·         GameChangers 2018: 5 Reasons LatAm Organized Crime Will Strengthen in 2019

·         Mexico’s New National Guard Unlikely To Stem Crimewave

·         Venezuela Criminal Structures Bolster Maduro in Second Term

·         GameChangers 2018: The Criminal ‘Winners’ in Latin America

·         Illegal Logging in Chihuahua is Now Mexico Cartel Territory

·         GameChangers 2018: As Opioids and Cocaine Boom, the Americas Wilt

·         Ceará Gang Truce Shows Brazil Government Could Be Common Enemy

·         Guatemala President Causes Constitutional Crisis to Oust CICIG

·         GameChangers 2018: Venezuelan Migration a New Gold Mine for Organized Crime

·         Testimony of Top Sinaloa Cartel Member May Sink ‘El Chapo’ Defense

·         How Organized Crime Profits from Deforestation in Colombia

·         GameChangers 2018: Threatened by Inquiries, Central American Elites Strike Back

 


_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The following was excerpted from: Breitbart News  See: https://www.breitbart.com/border/2019/01/08/29-facts-about-the-border-and-mexican-cartels-you-need-to-know/

29 Facts About the Border and Mexican Cartels You Need to Know

As the debate about the construction of a wall and other border security issues, here are 29 facts that you need to know. The topics came up during the most recent episode of “Coffee with Scott Adams.” Brandon Darby, the Managing Editor for Breitbart’s Border and Cartel Chronicles, sat down with the famed creator of the Dilbert comics to discuss the intricacies of border security.

1) No one is proposing a wall between all of Mexico and the U.S.—the U.S. southern border is approximately 2,000 miles. The discussion is about 1,000 miles of physical barriers in regions that are heavily controlled by drug cartels.

2) The Texas border is about 1,200 miles of the approximately 2,000 miles of the total southern border. Most of that border is the Rio Grande, a river which varies in intensity with respect to currents.

3) Mexico has numerous states under the direct influence of drug cartels that have standing armies with access to RPGs, armored vehicles, artillery, and explosives. Most of Mexico has military forces patrolling streets to deal with cartel paramilitary forces.

4) The most violent drug cartels operate south of the Texas border. Factions of Los Zetas and the Gulf Cartel routinely allow their violence to spill over to the average person.

5) The border city of Tijuana has some of the highest murder statistics in all of Mexico. Despite record-setting figures, most of the victims tend to be tied to drug trafficking.

6) Border cities south of Texas like Reynosa, Tamaulipas, have much lower murder rates than Tijuana. Despite the difference, average citizens are often touched by cartels including shootouts, kidnappings, and other violent activities.

7) Most of the efforts by drug cartels to control migration happens South of the Texas border. Criminal organizations like the Reynosa faction of the Gulf Cartel profit more from human smuggling than drug trafficking.

8) The majority of tunnels are found on the Arizona and California borders. The tunnels are generally discovered in areas where there are population centers on both sides of the border and a wall or fence is already in place. Few have been found in Texas, where there is a river.

9) Most tunnels are discovered thanks to informants; law enforcement technology has rarely been successful in locating border tunnels.

10) Most of the border does not have a drug tunnel problem. They are typically found in Douglas and Nogales, Arizona, as well as Mexicali, San Diego/San Isidro, California.

11) Cartels spend a lot of money building a tunnel–only to be discovered shortly after.

12) Claims by Democrats about the low crime rates in El Paso are an example of walls working. In areas with considerable border barriers such as El Paso, the regional criminal groups turn more professional and shy away from illegal immigration to traffic harder drugs through ports of entry.

13) The presence of physical barriers in cities like El Paso has led to fewer people coming over the border to commit petty crimes or bring loads of drugs on their backs. The criminal organizations in the area shifted toward corrupting U.S. Customs and Border Protection officials to smuggle harder drugs.

14) A partially secured border is more deadly than an open or well-secured one. Previous administrations put barriers south of most cities in Arizona and California to funnel illicit traffic into areas that were easier to manage or too desolate to cross. This led to a spike in deaths since the desire of people to reach the U.S. pushes them to more remote and dangerous areas

15) Human smuggling and illegal immigration will continue to be a problem until economic opportunities improve in Mexico and in Central America.

16) Mexican transnational criminal groups and their leaders have grown beyond the size and power of the American mafia from Prohibition Era and Al Capone. Cartels are integrated into the Mexican political culture and bureaucracy. Legalization would not stop them.

17) The decriminalization of marijuana and the production of higher quality plants in the U.S. versus Mexico had a series of unspoken consequences. After marijuana from Mexico was not able to compete with U.S.-grown plants, some cartels shifted their model more toward human smuggling–becoming a factor in the 2014 migrant crisis and the current one at the U.S. border.

18) After marijuana decriminalization in the U.S., cartels shifted to increase their cultivation of poppies and the production of black tar heroin. In order to compete with the Asian product, cartels use fentanyl–playing a role in the current opioid overdose epidemic.

19) The U.S. State Department influences how hard authorities crack down on cartels. U.S. agencies have been told to “measure their law enforcement priorities with the State Department’s diplomatic concerns.”

20) A cartel’s power in Mexico comes not from kingpins, but from politicians, financiers, lawyers, and money launderers. U.S. authorities and diplomats routinely focus on kingpins such as “El Chapo” and his lieutenants, but never go after the rest of the circle.

21) The state of Tamaulipas, directly south of Texas, has two former governors currently indicted for their alleged roles in helping cartels. One remains in Mexico, while the other is in U.S. custody awaiting trial.

22) U.S. diplomats are negotiating and playing along with the same Mexican politicians that protect cartels, in the interest of trade and diplomacy.

23) Certain factions of drug cartels have crossed the line into terrorism and should classified as such. The designation would change the way the U.S. alienates them from banks, financial resources, and politicians. Other cartels would be forced to tone down their actions or risk similar consequences.

24) Worries of Middle Eastern terrorists crossing the southwestern border are at times mitigated by cartel members who are informants for U.S. agencies that enjoy handsome incentives to turn people in.

25) The more likely scenario for terrorism deals with people flying into Canada and then entering the U.S. with visas. Most people on the terror watch list who try to enter the U.S. across the southern border are Somalis or Kurds.

26) Certain organizations like Los Zetas and the Gulf Cartel present more of an imminent threat than foreign terrorists entering through the southern border.

27) Mexico’s ongoing cartel violence and drug war has led to more murders and disappearances than some international wars. Mexico has suffered more than 250,000 homicides and at least 30,000 disappearances since 2009.

28) Up to 70 percent of the women and girls from Central America who come through Mexico to the U.S. are sexually assaulted en route. Most women who leave Central America for the U.S. have the expectation of facing multiple abuses at the hands of cartel-connected human smugglers.

29) The State Department keeps U.S. law enforcement from being more aggressive against cartels. The State Department has everything to do with how law enforcement and intelligence agencies operate in Mexico–and any effort to secure the border without addressing the Department’s timidity in Mexico will likely fail or be less successful than it otherwise could be.

Ildefonso Ortiz is an award-winning journalist with Breitbart Texas. He co-founded the Cartel Chronicles project with Brandon Darby and Stephen K. Bannon.  You can follow him on Twitter and on Facebook. He can be contacted at Iortiz@breitbart.com.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

From ICE Acting Director Homan:

Excerpt from:
https://www.numbersusa.com/blog/blame-congress-rapid-rise-illegal-border-crossings

REFORM THE TRAFFICKING VICTIMS PROTECTION REAUTHORIZATION ACT (TVPRA) -- Commonly referred to as the William Wilberforce Act, TVPRA prohibits Border Patrol from quickly removing unaccompanied children from non-contiguous countries who attempt to cross the border illegally. UACs from Mexico and Canada can be quickly returned once Border Patrol is able to determine that they're not victims of human trafficking. But for minors from countries outside of Mexico and Canada, minors must be turned over to Health and Human Services, allowing them to stay in the country indefinitely.

REFORM THE ASYLUM PROCESS -- Under existing law, anyone apprehended at the border who makes a credible fear claim that passes the initial screening is released. Since 2008, there's been a 1700% spike in the number of credible fear claims made at the Southern border, and 80% pass the credible fear screening. However, only 20% of those who pass the credible fear screening are granted asylum by a federal judge.

MANDATE E-VERIFY -- Foreign nationals cross the border illegally because they can obtain jobs in the U.S. Homan said requiring all employers to use E-Verify would discourage most illegal immigration to the United States and dramatically reduce the number of illegal border crossings.

END SANCTUARY CITIES -- At last count, more than 300 sanctuary jurisdictions exist across the country, including California which recently passed legislation making it a sanctuary state. Jurisdictions that protect illegal aliens from removal encourages illegal border crossings because illegal aliens know they have hundreds of safe-havens to choose from once they get here.

TERMINATE FLORES AGREEMENT -- The spike in the apprehension of family units is a result of the Flores Agreement, which restricts the period of time that Border Patrol can detain family units. The Flores Agreement encourages illegal border crossers to cross with children, knowing that Border Patrol has to release them after a certain period of time. If BP were able to hold family units until their court date, family units would be less likely to cross the border illegally.

All of Homan's policy recommendations are included in Rep. Bob Goodlatte's H.R. 4760, the Securing America's Future Act, but not surprisingly, none are part of the ongoing DACA amnesty negotiations between House Republicans.

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Mexico

Here’s How Mexico Treats Illegal Immigrants

Authored by: Matt Palumbo

While combating illegal immigration has long been a bipartisan issue, the so-called anti-Trump “resistance” has decided that guilt tripping anyone who supports a sensible immigration policy is a viable political strategy. We’ve all heard the arguments; that opposing illegal immigration is preventing people from “just looking for a better life,” or over the past few months, is “separating families.” And of course there’s the most common insult, that enforcing immigration laws is “racist.”

But are America’s immigration laws, or our treatment of illegal immigrants uniquely awful?

To answer that question, let’s examine the situation in another nation: Mexico.

Mexico Rejects More Asylum Requests than the U.S. 

Speaking of the rise in asylum request rejections under Trump, a writer at the American-Statesman noted a “dramatic” change. They write, “Immigration judges, who are employed by the Justice Department and not the judicial branch like other federal judges, rejected 61.8 percent of asylum cases decided in 2017, the highest denial rate since 2005.”

Meanwhile in Mexico, nearly 90 percent of asylum requests are denied (and the figures are similarly high for other Latin American countries, such as El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala).

Mexico Regulates Immigration Based on Race

I only bring this up, because for all the rhetoric about Trump’s supposed racism or disdain for certain immigrants, there is one country that does regulate their immigration flows by race, and that’s the country Trump is most accused of being racist against.

In Article 37 of Mexico’s General Law of Population, we learn that their Department of the Interior shall be able to deny foreigners entry into Mexico, if, among other reasons, they may disrupt the “domestic demographic equilibrium.” Additionally, Article 37 also states that immigrants can be removed if they’re detrimental to “economic or national interests.”

Mexico Deports More Central American Illegal Immigrants than the United States

In July 2014, former Mexican president, Enrique Peña Nieto and former president of Guatemala Otto Pérez Molina, announced the start of a migration security project called Plan Frontera Sur (Southern Border Plan). The U.S. has committed at least $100 million towards this plan to help aid Mexican border security, because it’s mutually beneficial. Both Mexico and the U.S. want to keep out Central American illegal immigrants (and they have to pass through Mexico to reach the U.S.)..

Since Plan Frontera Sur, Mexico has deported more central American illegal immigrants than we have in the U.S. Even CNN had to acknowledge that:

According to statistics from the US and Mexican governments compiled by the nonpartisan Migration Policy Institute, Mexico in 2015 apprehended tens of thousands more Central Americans in its country than the US did at its border, and in 2015 and 2016 it deported roughly twice as many Central Americans as the US did.Since migrant children are the hot-button topic in the American immigration debate currently; In 2014 there were 18,169 migrant children were deported from Mexico, and 8,350 deported to Central America the year before. From January 2015 to July 2016, 39,751 unaccompanied minors were put in the custody of Mexican authorities.

A report this year from Amnesty International concluded that “Mexican migration authorities are routinely turning back thousands of people from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala to their countries without considering the risk to their life and security upon return, in many cases violating international and domestic law by doing so.”

Mexico Has Their Own Southern Border – and Invisible Wall

For us much as Donald Trump is criticized by the political class in Mexico for wanting to beef up security on the U.S.-Mexico border, as previously mentioned, Mexico has accepted our help in enforcing their immigration laws on their own southern border with Guatemala. While they don’t have a literal border fence, they do have checkpoints, patrols, raids, etc. According to NPR:

Rather than amassing troops on its border with Guatemala, Mexico stations migration agents, local and federal police, soldiers and marines to create a kind of containment zone in Chiapas state. With roving checkpoints and raids, Mexican migration agents have formed a formidable deportation force.
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

14 killed in shooting attacks in Mexican border city

Read more at:
//economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/64717234.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_cam____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________In Homan's conversation with CIS's Jessica Vaughan, he identified five actions that Congress can take to end the surge of illegal border crossings.


===============================================================================================================================================================================

The Current "Wall" Images

========================================================================================================================================================

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NEW BOOK by Judicial Watch's Tom Fitton: Clean House: Exposing Our Government's Secrets and Lies

Judicial Watch: Open Records Laws and Resources ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Leo Banks is a Tucson-based reporter who covers border-related issues.

New Book
Double Wide
A novel by
Leo W Banks

=================================================================================================================================================================================

Excerpt from CIS: https://cis.org/Fact-Sheet/Asylum-Removal-and-Immigration-Courts

Asylum

Definition:

An applicant for asylum has the burden to demonstrate that he or she is eligible for that protection. To satisfy that burden, the applicant must prove that he or she is a refugee. A “refugee” is a person outside of his or her country of nationality or habitual residence who is “unable or unwilling” to return to that country “because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.”

Talking Points:

Expedited Removal

Definition:

The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) allows immigration officers — rather than judges — to order the deportation of arriving aliens who are inadmissible because of fraud or misrepresentation, because they have no documentation (like a passport or a visa) that would allow them to be admitted, or because they entered illegally and are apprehended within 100 miles of the border and 14 days of entry.

Talking Point:

Credible Fear

Definition:

If an alien in expedited removal asserts a fear of persecution, the arresting officer will refer the alien to an asylum officer for a “credible fear interview”. If the asylum officer determines that the alien has a credible fear, the alien is placed in removal proceedings before an immigration judge, where the alien can file his or her application for asylum. Under the INA, the term “‘credible fear of persecution’ means that there is a significant possibility, taking into account the credibility of the statements made by the alien in support of the alien’s claim and such other facts as are known to the officer, that the alien could establish eligibility for asylum under section 208.” This is a very low standard, and credible fear is found in 75 to 90 percent of all cases in which an alien claims credible fear.

Talking Points:

Bond

Definition:

“Bond” is the term used in immigration for the release of an alien pending removal proceedings or removal. Aliens can be released on their own recognizance, or on a minimum bond of $1,500. Bond can be granted by either an immigration judge or U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).

Parole

Definition:

“Parole” is the term used in immigration for the release of an arriving alien. It can only be granted by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Again, DHS can release an alien on parole on his or her own recognizance, or for a sum of money as bond.

Unaccompanied Alien Child (UAC)

Definition:

An alien under the age of 18 who enters the United States or is apprehended by DHS who does not have a parent or guardian in the United States. Under section 462 of the Homeland Security Act (2002), UACs must be turned over to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), not DHS, for detention.

Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 (TVPRA)

Definition:

Modified the rules governing the detention of unaccompanied alien children (UACs). Under the TVPRA, UACs must be turned over to HHS within 48 hours of detention by DHS, or identification as a UAC, and “promptly placed in the least restrictive setting that is in the best interest of the child,” generally meaning release to a family member or friend.

Talking Point:

Flores Settlement Agreement

Definition:

An agreement between the then-Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and a class of alien minors in 1997, which is currently overseen by Judge Dolly Gee of the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. In 2016, it was read to create a presumption in favor of the release of all alien minors, even those alien minors who arrive with their parents.

Talking Points:

Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR)

Definition:

Agency of the Department of Justice (DOJ) with jurisdiction over the immigration courts and the Board of immigration appeals (BIA).

Immigration Courts

Definition:

Courts with primary jurisdiction over removal proceedings. Immigration judges in these courts determine removability, set bond where they have jurisdiction, and can adjudicate applications for relief from removal, including asylum.

Talking Point:

Backlog

Definition:

Cases that have been pending before the immigration courts for more than one year. The backlog more than doubled from FYs 2006 through 2015, primarily due to declining numbers of cases completed per year. There were 437,000 pending cases at the start of FY 2015, when the median pending time was 404 days.

Talking Points:

Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA)

Definition:

 Appellate tribunal with jurisdiction over appeals from immigration courts. Most aliens have a right to appeal immigration court decisions to the BIA.

Topics: Immigration Courts, Asylum

Fact Sheet
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Southwest Border Tour, Spring 2019: Hosted by the Center for Immigration Studies
Read Accounts and View Pictures of Past Tours:
Unrest in the Rio Grande Valley
Diligence on a Changing Canadian Border
Constant Activity on the California Border
Holding Steady in West Texas
A Washington Narrative Meets Reality
Sunshine, Saguaros, and Smugglers
Reflections from the Border

 

End of 1/13/2019 BORDER NEWS WATCH SPECIAL EDITION

 

 

 

1/18/2019 BORDER NEWS WATCH SPECIAL EDITION

 

US Congress
Gang of Bipartisan Senators Working on Immigration Compromise
House Homeland Security Chairman Says ‘No’ Bill to Abolish ICE Will Be Brought Through Committee

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Opinion
Terrorists and the southern border: Myth and reality
Let's Have a Real Immigration Debate
Allen West: Illegal Immigration Is a Threat to Our Sovereign Nation
Illegal immigration and socialist strategy

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Opinion Polls
Half of Likely Voters Think Government Is Doing Too Little to Stop Illegal Immigration
Poll Finds 79% of Registered Voters Believe Illegal Immigration a Problem __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Former ICE Director Homan
'The Caravans Aren't Going to Stop': Homan Says Build the Wall, Close the Loopholes ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The "Wall
"

El Chapo trial shows why a wall won’t stop drugs from crossing the US-Mexico border
Trump's threat of national emergency declaration explained
Trump Right: Wall Building Is Big Business. Why? They Work
The Constitution and the Use of the National Emergencies Act to Build the Border Wall
Why Democrats Oppose The Wall: Trump Will Actually Build It

Texas sheriff: To hell with the wall right now
Trump claims walls work, but the discovery of border tunnels says otherwise
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Border Perspective
What is life really like in border country, where Trump wants his wall? ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

CBP
CBP, Yuma Hospital Busy With Illegal Alien Medical Issues
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
ICE Website
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Border Patrol
Tucson Border Patrol sector to get a new chief ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
287(g) Program

Urban Sheriffs Quitting ICE’s 287(g) Program; Rural Sheriffs Joining It
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The "Notice to Appear"
Supreme Court ruling has 'wide ramifications' here for border-crossing cases
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
DoS

State Department Announces New Public-Private Foreign Assistance Partnership for Southern Mexico and Central America: Will it be effective and taint-free?
State Dep't Approved 8,482 Child Bride Requests
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
USCIS
USCIS Should Take a Stand Against Child Marriage
No Billion-Dollar Immigration Slush Fund? It Already Exists
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Government Shutdown
Government shutdown leads to nearly 43,000 canceled immigration hearings ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Illegal Immigration Policy
America's Immigration Policy Needs an Overhaul
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Illegal Immigration
Border apprehensions increased in 2018 – especially for migrant families
For Seventh Consecutive Year Visa Overstays Exceeded Illegal Border Crossings
Migrants from Terrorist Nations Try to Enter U.S. Via Mexico at Record Rates—300% Hike in Bangladeshis in Texas Alone
BP: Large group of migrants crosses into New Mexico, immediately request medical care
Found at the Border: Prayer Rugs, Illegal-alien Skeletons
Asians Now Outpace Mexicans In Terms of Undocumented Growth
“Crisis” of Seriously Ill Migrants Slams Border Patrol — TB, Pneumonia, Influenza, Parasites
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
FOX News on Immigration
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Immigration Fraud
Feds: Sonoran mayor, a convicted drug smuggler, used fraudulent US passport for years
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Central American Migrants

Largest single group of migrants ever tunnels under border wall in Arizona, says Border Protection
Mexicans Fed Up With “Migrant Caravans.” The Latest, 2,000 Strong, Has Stormed Into Guatemala
Two Paragraphs in the New York Times Prove Trump Right. But I'm not sure they realize it
WATCH: Guatemalan Cops Fire Tear Gas to Contain New Migrant Caravan
What happens when the caravan gets to Mexico?
11/2018: Ami Horowitz: The Truth Behind the Caravan
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
UACs
Unaccompanied Minors Housed by Feds Up 450 Percent After DACA
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Smuggling: Tunnels
As Trump pushes for a wall, authorities keep finding drug tunnels under the U.S.-Mexico border
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Judicial
Legality of leaving water in 'veritable cemetery' questioned at Tucson border-aid trial
Supreme Court ruling has 'wide ramifications' here for border-crossing cases
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
U.S. Census
Federal Judge Rules That Commerce Dept. Must Remove Citizenship Question From Census ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
No More Deaths
No More Deaths volunteers begin trial among tensions with border authorities

 ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Gangs
Get MS-13 out of our schools
Immigration loophole allows MS-13 gang members to go free
Illegal Immigrants Who Stabbed Classmate “Previously Confirmed as MS-13 Gang Members” ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

El Chapo
El Chapo Gave Bribe to AMLO’s 2006 Presidential Campaign, Says Court Brief
El Chapo trial shows why a wall won’t stop drugs from crossing the US-Mexico border
El Chapo’s ‘right-hand, left-hand man’ describes the boss’ jungle hideouts
El Chapo Trial: Chapo is on the witness list says defense
El Chapo Trial: Cifuentes testifies Enrique Pena Nieto received 100M from Chapo
El Chapo Trial: Mexican attorneys appeal to AMLO and supreme court to annul Chapo's NYC extradition
El Chapo Trial: "There is no code of silence among narcos"
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Cartels
Fragmentation: The Violent Tailspin of Mexico’s Dominant Cartels
Two Sinaloa Cartel Smugglers Caught near U.S. with Weapons Cache
Grisly Cartel Murders Spread in Mexican Border State near Arizona
From the Archives: Child Sicarios
The tentacles of the Mexican cartels in the United States
Mexican Cop Allegedly Busted Smuggling Meth, Heroin into U.S.
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Huachicoleros
"Before, as a policeman, I earned $270 a month. Now, with the fuel, I can get up to $50,000"
Puebla/Central de Abasto de Huixcolotla: Federal Police Officer Killed by Presumed Huachicoleros
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Politics
President Trump Did Not 'Manufacture' a Crisis at the Border; He Inherited One
See Jim Chilton at 31 minute marker : President Trump Delivers Remarks at the American Farm Bureau Federation's 100th Annual Convention
 Sen. Graham: 'The Real Damage Is a Broken Border,' Not a Partial Shutdown
Trump: Human Traffickers With Bound and Gagged Women ‘Don’t Go Through Checkpoints'
WATCH: Dem Rep. Breaks From Democratic Talking Points On Border Wall
    Excerpt from above: "Congress come forward saying that it wouldn't work and it's stupid, when not only do we have the people who are actually in charge of border                 security saying it would work and it's not stupid, we can see that it already does work in places where there is a wall?"
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
GOM
El Chapo Gave Bribe to AMLO’s 2006 Presidential Campaign, Says Court Brief
Security force deployment surge to protect Mexican oil infrastructure likely to reduce ability to protect other assets
Tamaulipas: Between the State, Crime and the Border __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Selected Incidents
North Carolina Jail Releases Illegal Alien Charged with Murder
Brewster County Deputies arrest 5 Mexican citizens, recover over 280 lbs of marijuana
Largest Group Of Illegal Aliens Enters Yuma Sector
Previously Deported Illegal Immigrant Accused of Sexually Assaulting Child
Illegal immigrants from Romania, apprehended by US border patrols while trying to enter from Mexico
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
New Mexico
Border rancher: 'We’ve found prayer rugs out here. It’s unreal' _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Arizona
Effort to make Tucson a "sanctuary City" conflicts with state law, city attorney says
Arizona sheriff wants Trump to put foot down on border security
Arizona Border Area Ranchers Issue Invite To Pelosi, “We’ll Send A Plane”
Milstead, After White House Event, Says Wall Needed For Border ‘Crisis’ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Utah
The Utah National Guard has built walls along the Mexican border. The job helped shape the immigration views of some
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Texas
Why We Need Mexico
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
California
Illegal Aliens tell of ballot-harvesting in California to flip the House blue
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Political Stunts
Conservative Activist Jumps Pelosi's Fence With Illegal Aliens to Prove a Vital Point
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Books
Double Wide ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Insight Crime News
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

·         Wave of Killings Showcase Puerto Rico’s Ongoing Weakened Security

·         Arrest of Venezuela’s New Political Star Potential Misstep by Police

·         Fragmentation: The Violent Tailspin of Mexico’s Dominant Cartels

·         New Year’s Bloodshed Casts Doubt on Honduras Security Gains

·         Shadow Tourism Industry Smuggles Migrants from Venezuela to Colombia

·         Oil Thieves Convenient Scapegoats for Mexico’s Gasoline Shortages

·         GameChangers 2018: 5 Reasons LatAm Organized Crime Will Strengthen in 2019

·         Mexico’s New National Guard Unlikely To Stem Crimewave

·         Venezuela Criminal Structures Bolster Maduro in Second Term

·         GameChangers 2018: The Criminal ‘Winners’ in Latin America

·         Illegal Logging in Chihuahua is Now Mexico Cartel Territory

·         GameChangers 2018: As Opioids and Cocaine Boom, the Americas Wilt

 


_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The following was excerpted from: Breitbart News  See: https://www.breitbart.com/border/2019/01/08/29-facts-about-the-border-and-mexican-cartels-you-need-to-know/

29 Facts About the Border and Mexican Cartels You Need to Know

As the debate about the construction of a wall and other border security issues, here are 29 facts that you need to know. The topics came up during the most recent episode of “Coffee with Scott Adams.” Brandon Darby, the Managing Editor for Breitbart’s Border and Cartel Chronicles, sat down with the famed creator of the Dilbert comics to discuss the intricacies of border security.

1) No one is proposing a wall between all of Mexico and the U.S.—the U.S. southern border is approximately 2,000 miles. The discussion is about 1,000 miles of physical barriers in regions that are heavily controlled by drug cartels.

2) The Texas border is about 1,200 miles of the approximately 2,000 miles of the total southern border. Most of that border is the Rio Grande, a river which varies in intensity with respect to currents.

3) Mexico has numerous states under the direct influence of drug cartels that have standing armies with access to RPGs, armored vehicles, artillery, and explosives. Most of Mexico has military forces patrolling streets to deal with cartel paramilitary forces.

4) The most violent drug cartels operate south of the Texas border. Factions of Los Zetas and the Gulf Cartel routinely allow their violence to spill over to the average person.

5) The border city of Tijuana has some of the highest murder statistics in all of Mexico. Despite record-setting figures, most of the victims tend to be tied to drug trafficking.

6) Border cities south of Texas like Reynosa, Tamaulipas, have much lower murder rates than Tijuana. Despite the difference, average citizens are often touched by cartels including shootouts, kidnappings, and other violent activities.

7) Most of the efforts by drug cartels to control migration happens South of the Texas border. Criminal organizations like the Reynosa faction of the Gulf Cartel profit more from human smuggling than drug trafficking.

8) The majority of tunnels are found on the Arizona and California borders. The tunnels are generally discovered in areas where there are population centers on both sides of the border and a wall or fence is already in place. Few have been found in Texas, where there is a river.

9) Most tunnels are discovered thanks to informants; law enforcement technology has rarely been successful in locating border tunnels.

10) Most of the border does not have a drug tunnel problem. They are typically found in Douglas and Nogales, Arizona, as well as Mexicali, San Diego/San Isidro, California.

11) Cartels spend a lot of money building a tunnel–only to be discovered shortly after.

12) Claims by Democrats about the low crime rates in El Paso are an example of walls working. In areas with considerable border barriers such as El Paso, the regional criminal groups turn more professional and shy away from illegal immigration to traffic harder drugs through ports of entry.

13) The presence of physical barriers in cities like El Paso has led to fewer people coming over the border to commit petty crimes or bring loads of drugs on their backs. The criminal organizations in the area shifted toward corrupting U.S. Customs and Border Protection officials to smuggle harder drugs.

14) A partially secured border is more deadly than an open or well-secured one. Previous administrations put barriers south of most cities in Arizona and California to funnel illicit traffic into areas that were easier to manage or too desolate to cross. This led to a spike in deaths since the desire of people to reach the U.S. pushes them to more remote and dangerous areas

15) Human smuggling and illegal immigration will continue to be a problem until economic opportunities improve in Mexico and in Central America.

16) Mexican transnational criminal groups and their leaders have grown beyond the size and power of the American mafia from Prohibition Era and Al Capone. Cartels are integrated into the Mexican political culture and bureaucracy. Legalization would not stop them.

17) The decriminalization of marijuana and the production of higher quality plants in the U.S. versus Mexico had a series of unspoken consequences. After marijuana from Mexico was not able to compete with U.S.-grown plants, some cartels shifted their model more toward human smuggling–becoming a factor in the 2014 migrant crisis and the current one at the U.S. border.

18) After marijuana decriminalization in the U.S., cartels shifted to increase their cultivation of poppies and the production of black tar heroin. In order to compete with the Asian product, cartels use fentanyl–playing a role in the current opioid overdose epidemic.

19) The U.S. State Department influences how hard authorities crack down on cartels. U.S. agencies have been told to “measure their law enforcement priorities with the State Department’s diplomatic concerns.”

20) A cartel’s power in Mexico comes not from kingpins, but from politicians, financiers, lawyers, and money launderers. U.S. authorities and diplomats routinely focus on kingpins such as “El Chapo” and his lieutenants, but never go after the rest of the circle.

21) The state of Tamaulipas, directly south of Texas, has two former governors currently indicted for their alleged roles in helping cartels. One remains in Mexico, while the other is in U.S. custody awaiting trial.

22) U.S. diplomats are negotiating and playing along with the same Mexican politicians that protect cartels, in the interest of trade and diplomacy.

23) Certain factions of drug cartels have crossed the line into terrorism and should classified as such. The designation would change the way the U.S. alienates them from banks, financial resources, and politicians. Other cartels would be forced to tone down their actions or risk similar consequences.

24) Worries of Middle Eastern terrorists crossing the southwestern border are at times mitigated by cartel members who are informants for U.S. agencies that enjoy handsome incentives to turn people in.

25) The more likely scenario for terrorism deals with people flying into Canada and then entering the U.S. with visas. Most people on the terror watch list who try to enter the U.S. across the southern border are Somalis or Kurds.

26) Certain organizations like Los Zetas and the Gulf Cartel present more of an imminent threat than foreign terrorists entering through the southern border.

27) Mexico’s ongoing cartel violence and drug war has led to more murders and disappearances than some international wars. Mexico has suffered more than 250,000 homicides and at least 30,000 disappearances since 2009.

28) Up to 70 percent of the women and girls from Central America who come through Mexico to the U.S. are sexually assaulted en route. Most women who leave Central America for the U.S. have the expectation of facing multiple abuses at the hands of cartel-connected human smugglers.

29) The State Department keeps U.S. law enforcement from being more aggressive against cartels. The State Department has everything to do with how law enforcement and intelligence agencies operate in Mexico–and any effort to secure the border without addressing the Department’s timidity in Mexico will likely fail or be less successful than it otherwise could be.

Ildefonso Ortiz is an award-winning journalist with Breitbart Texas. He co-founded the Cartel Chronicles project with Brandon Darby and Stephen K. Bannon.  You can follow him on Twitter and on Facebook. He can be contacted at Iortiz@breitbart.com.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

From ICE Acting Director Homan:

Excerpt from:
https://www.numbersusa.com/blog/blame-congress-rapid-rise-illegal-border-crossings

REFORM THE TRAFFICKING VICTIMS PROTECTION REAUTHORIZATION ACT (TVPRA) -- Commonly referred to as the William Wilberforce Act, TVPRA prohibits Border Patrol from quickly removing unaccompanied children from non-contiguous countries who attempt to cross the border illegally. UACs from Mexico and Canada can be quickly returned once Border Patrol is able to determine that they're not victims of human trafficking. But for minors from countries outside of Mexico and Canada, minors must be turned over to Health and Human Services, allowing them to stay in the country indefinitely.

REFORM THE ASYLUM PROCESS -- Under existing law, anyone apprehended at the border who makes a credible fear claim that passes the initial screening is released. Since 2008, there's been a 1700% spike in the number of credible fear claims made at the Southern border, and 80% pass the credible fear screening. However, only 20% of those who pass the credible fear screening are granted asylum by a federal judge.

MANDATE E-VERIFY -- Foreign nationals cross the border illegally because they can obtain jobs in the U.S. Homan said requiring all employers to use E-Verify would discourage most illegal immigration to the United States and dramatically reduce the number of illegal border crossings.

END SANCTUARY CITIES -- At last count, more than 300 sanctuary jurisdictions exist across the country, including California which recently passed legislation making it a sanctuary state. Jurisdictions that protect illegal aliens from removal encourages illegal border crossings because illegal aliens know they have hundreds of safe-havens to choose from once they get here.

TERMINATE FLORES AGREEMENT -- The spike in the apprehension of family units is a result of the Flores Agreement, which restricts the period of time that Border Patrol can detain family units. The Flores Agreement encourages illegal border crossers to cross with children, knowing that Border Patrol has to release them after a certain period of time. If BP were able to hold family units until their court date, family units would be less likely to cross the border illegally.

All of Homan's policy recommendations are included in Rep. Bob Goodlatte's H.R. 4760, the Securing America's Future Act, but not surprisingly, none are part of the ongoing DACA amnesty negotiations between House Republicans.

 

Mexico
Here’s How Mexico Treats Illegal Immigrants

Authored by: Matt Palumbo

While combating illegal immigration has long been a bipartisan issue, the so-called anti-Trump “resistance” has decided that guilt tripping anyone who supports a sensible immigration policy is a viable political strategy. We’ve all heard the arguments; that opposing illegal immigration is preventing people from “just looking for a better life,” or over the past few months, is “separating families.” And of course there’s the most common insult, that enforcing immigration laws is “racist.”

But are America’s immigration laws, or our treatment of illegal immigrants uniquely awful?

To answer that question, let’s examine the situation in another nation: Mexico.

Mexico Rejects More Asylum Requests than the U.S. 

Speaking of the rise in asylum request rejections under Trump, a writer at the American-Statesman noted a “dramatic” change. They write, “Immigration judges, who are employed by the Justice Department and not the judicial branch like other federal judges, rejected 61.8 percent of asylum cases decided in 2017, the highest denial rate since 2005.”

Meanwhile in Mexico, nearly 90 percent of asylum requests are denied (and the figures are similarly high for other Latin American countries, such as El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala).

Mexico Regulates Immigration Based on Race

I only bring this up, because for all the rhetoric about Trump’s supposed racism or disdain for certain immigrants, there is one country that does regulate their immigration flows by race, and that’s the country Trump is most accused of being racist against.

In Article 37 of Mexico’s General Law of Population, we learn that their Department of the Interior shall be able to deny foreigners entry into Mexico, if, among other reasons, they may disrupt the “domestic demographic equilibrium.” Additionally, Article 37 also states that immigrants can be removed if they’re detrimental to “economic or national interests.”

Mexico Deports More Central American Illegal Immigrants than the United States

In July 2014, former Mexican president, Enrique Peña Nieto and former president of Guatemala Otto Pérez Molina, announced the start of a migration security project called Plan Frontera Sur (Southern Border Plan). The U.S. has committed at least $100 million towards this plan to help aid Mexican border security, because it’s mutually beneficial. Both Mexico and the U.S. want to keep out Central American illegal immigrants (and they have to pass through Mexico to reach the U.S.)..

Since Plan Frontera Sur, Mexico has deported more central American illegal immigrants than we have in the U.S. Even CNN had to acknowledge that:

According to statistics from the US and Mexican governments compiled by the nonpartisan Migration Policy Institute, Mexico in 2015 apprehended tens of thousands more Central Americans in its country than the US did at its border, and in 2015 and 2016 it deported roughly twice as many Central Americans as the US did.Since migrant children are the hot-button topic in the American immigration debate currently; In 2014 there were 18,169 migrant children were deported from Mexico, and 8,350 deported to Central America the year before. From January 2015 to July 2016, 39,751 unaccompanied minors were put in the custody of Mexican authorities.

A report this year from Amnesty International concluded that “Mexican migration authorities are routinely turning back thousands of people from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala to their countries without considering the risk to their life and security upon return, in many cases violating international and domestic law by doing so.”

Mexico Has Their Own Southern Border – and Invisible Wall

For us much as Donald Trump is criticized by the political class in Mexico for wanting to beef up security on the U.S.-Mexico border, as previously mentioned, Mexico has accepted our help in enforcing their immigration laws on their own southern border with Guatemala. While they don’t have a literal border fence, they do have checkpoints, patrols, raids, etc. According to NPR:

Rather than amassing troops on its border with Guatemala, Mexico stations migration agents, local and federal police, soldiers and marines to create a kind of containment zone in Chiapas state. With roving checkpoints and raids, Mexican migration agents have formed a formidable deportation force.
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

14 killed in shooting attacks in Mexican border city

Read more at:
//economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/64717234.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_cam____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________In Homan's conversation with CIS's Jessica Vaughan, he identified five actions that Congress can take to end the surge of illegal border crossings.


===============================================================================================================================================================================

The Current "Wall" Images

========================================================================================================================================================

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NEW BOOK by Judicial Watch's Tom Fitton: Clean House: Exposing Our Government's Secrets and Lies

Judicial Watch: Open Records Laws and Resources ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Leo Banks is a Tucson-based reporter who covers border-related issues.

New Book
Double Wide
A novel by
Leo W Banks

=================================================================================================================================================================================

Excerpt from CIS: https://cis.org/Fact-Sheet/Asylum-Removal-and-Immigration-Courts

Asylum

Definition:

An applicant for asylum has the burden to demonstrate that he or she is eligible for that protection. To satisfy that burden, the applicant must prove that he or she is a refugee. A “refugee” is a person outside of his or her country of nationality or habitual residence who is “unable or unwilling” to return to that country “because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.”

Talking Points:

Expedited Removal

Definition:

The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) allows immigration officers — rather than judges — to order the deportation of arriving aliens who are inadmissible because of fraud or misrepresentation, because they have no documentation (like a passport or a visa) that would allow them to be admitted, or because they entered illegally and are apprehended within 100 miles of the border and 14 days of entry.

Talking Point:

Credible Fear

Definition:

If an alien in expedited removal asserts a fear of persecution, the arresting officer will refer the alien to an asylum officer for a “credible fear interview”. If the asylum officer determines that the alien has a credible fear, the alien is placed in removal proceedings before an immigration judge, where the alien can file his or her application for asylum. Under the INA, the term “‘credible fear of persecution’ means that there is a significant possibility, taking into account the credibility of the statements made by the alien in support of the alien’s claim and such other facts as are known to the officer, that the alien could establish eligibility for asylum under section 208.” This is a very low standard, and credible fear is found in 75 to 90 percent of all cases in which an alien claims credible fear.

Talking Points:

Bond

Definition:

“Bond” is the term used in immigration for the release of an alien pending removal proceedings or removal. Aliens can be released on their own recognizance, or on a minimum bond of $1,500. Bond can be granted by either an immigration judge or U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).

Parole

Definition:

“Parole” is the term used in immigration for the release of an arriving alien. It can only be granted by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Again, DHS can release an alien on parole on his or her own recognizance, or for a sum of money as bond.

Unaccompanied Alien Child (UAC)

Definition:

An alien under the age of 18 who enters the United States or is apprehended by DHS who does not have a parent or guardian in the United States. Under section 462 of the Homeland Security Act (2002), UACs must be turned over to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), not DHS, for detention.

Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 (TVPRA)

Definition:

Modified the rules governing the detention of unaccompanied alien children (UACs). Under the TVPRA, UACs must be turned over to HHS within 48 hours of detention by DHS, or identification as a UAC, and “promptly placed in the least restrictive setting that is in the best interest of the child,” generally meaning release to a family member or friend.

Talking Point:

Flores Settlement Agreement

Definition:

An agreement between the then-Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and a class of alien minors in 1997, which is currently overseen by Judge Dolly Gee of the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. In 2016, it was read to create a presumption in favor of the release of all alien minors, even those alien minors who arrive with their parents.

Talking Points:

Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR)

Definition:

Agency of the Department of Justice (DOJ) with jurisdiction over the immigration courts and the Board of immigration appeals (BIA).

Immigration Courts

Definition:

Courts with primary jurisdiction over removal proceedings. Immigration judges in these courts determine removability, set bond where they have jurisdiction, and can adjudicate applications for relief from removal, including asylum.

Talking Point:

Backlog

Definition:

Cases that have been pending before the immigration courts for more than one year. The backlog more than doubled from FYs 2006 through 2015, primarily due to declining numbers of cases completed per year. There were 437,000 pending cases at the start of FY 2015, when the median pending time was 404 days.

Talking Points:

Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA)

Definition:

 Appellate tribunal with jurisdiction over appeals from immigration courts. Most aliens have a right to appeal immigration court decisions to the BIA.

Topics: Immigration Courts, Asylum

Fact Sheet
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Southwest Border Tour, Spring 2019: Hosted by the Center for Immigration Studies
Read Accounts and View Pictures of Past Tours:
Unrest in the Rio Grande Valley
Diligence on a Changing Canadian Border
Constant Activity on the California Border
Holding Steady in West Texas
A Washington Narrative Meets Reality
Sunshine, Saguaros, and Smugglers
Reflections from the Border

 

End of 1/18/2019 BORDER NEWS WATCH SPECIAL EDITION

 

 

1/25/2019 BORDER NEWS WATCH SPECIAL EDITION

 

US Congress
How Can Congress Address the Current Border Crisis?
House Democrats to Offer Border Funding Bill
Government Reopening Puts Onus on Democrats to Negotiate Immigration Enforcement in Good Faith, Says FAIR
Senate Blocks DACA-for-Wall Proposal from a Floor Vote
A Baker's Dozen of Senators Did Not Vote along Party Lines on the Wall
Pres. Trump Offers Amnesty for Border Wall Trade
Rep. Zoe Lofgren & Sen. Dianne Feinstein Introduce Ag Amnesty Bill
McSally at border in Nogales: 'No opportunity to vote yet' on gov't shutdown

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Opinion
O'Conor: Barrier alone not enough to solve border crisis
Who's in charge here?

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Opinion Polls
Polls Show Voters Are Divided About 'The Wall,' United in Opposition to Illegal Immigration, Strongly Favor Cuts to Legal Immigration ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The "Wall
"
Walls Work. Just Ask This Community College on the Southern Border

We do need a wall for many reasons
How the Wall Became America's Dividing Line
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Border Perspective
Across Mexico border from safe El Paso, violence surges in Juárez
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

DHS

DHS reinstating 300 furloughed employees to carry out critical tasks
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
ICE Website
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Border Patrol
Border Agents Help Mexican Police Bust Human Smuggling Stash House
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Border Patrol Union

Border Patrol union chief: New Trump administration policy is 'incentivizing illegal immigration'
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Border Security Technology
Portable ultrasound scanner identifies underage victims, border-crossers 
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Asylum

US to begin returning asylum-seekers to Mexico
US to begin sending asylum seekers to Mexico for duration of immigration proceedings
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
DEA
Ex-DEA agent gets probation for selling ARs to ‘members of a drug trafficking organization’ on border
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
USCIS
DHS reinstating 300 furloughed employees to carry out critical tasks
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
DoS
U.S. Combats Child Marriage Abroad, Grants Thousands of Spousal Visas for Immigrant Kids
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Terrorism
Case of terror suspect caught sneaking into U.S. roils immigration debate
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Illegal Immigration Policy
Guestworker Programs Remain Open to Countries with High Overstay Rates
Report Shows Poor Immigrant Integration Outcomes Worldwide
Mexicans are paying in blood for our Central American amnesty policies
Reformers Worry DACA Work Permit Amnesty-for-Wall Funding will Encourage More Caravans

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Illegal Immigration: Bert Corona
Bert Corona: Father of the Illegal Immigration Movement
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
FOX News on Immigration
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Illegal Immigration
WATCH: People in Mexico Hurl Rocks at Border Patrol Agents After Illegal Crossing
110 Migrants Climbing Outdated Border Fence Caught on Camera ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Tunnels
Border Patrol agents have discovered at least 230 cross-border tunnels since 1990
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Birthright Citizenship
Michael Schaller: The contested origins of birthright citizenship
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Central American Migrants
53 Large Group Migrant Border Crossings Already Occurred in 2019, Say Feds
Report: “Migrant Caravan” Now 5,600 Strong; Criminals Along for the March North
Mexico Made It Easier for Migrant Caravan to Get to US
Video Shows 376 Central Americans Illegally Entering US From Mexico
11/2018: Ami Horowitz: The Truth Behind the Caravan
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
UACs
Mexicans are paying in blood for our Central American amnesty policies
New Reports Reveal Trump Administration Did Develop a Policy to Separate Families
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Families
Mexicans are paying in blood for our Central American amnesty policies
Families keep trying to cross border, wall or no wall
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Judicial
Conveyor Belt Justice: An Inside Look at Immigration Courts
No More Deaths volunteers found guilty for water drops in protected wilderness 
_____________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
DACA
Mexicans are paying in blood for our Central American amnesty policies ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
No More Deaths

No More Deaths volunteers found guilty for water drops in protected wilderness
4 Humanitarian Aid Volunteers Convicted for Leaving Food and Water to Help Migrants at Refuge

 ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Gangs
Secure Borders Protect Immigrant Communities
Yuma Sector BP agents arrest convicted felon, gang member
Illegal Immigrants Who Stabbed Classmate “Previously Confirmed as MS-13 Gang Members”
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

El Chapo
El Chapo Trial: Government submits verdict sheets
El Chapo Trial: "He was still attempting to breathe and that's how we dumped him in the hole and buried him"
El Chapo Trial: Emma sits stone-faced as Damaso Lopez Nunez implicates her in tunnel escape
READ: El Chapo Traffickers Used Legal Points of Entry, Sea Routes, and Secret Tunnels to Smuggle Drugs Into the United States
10 of the most shocking twists and turns of El Chapo’s drug-trafficking trial, so far
Chapo Guzman's mistress tells of tunnel escape with 'naked' drug lord as Mexican forces swooped
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
GOM
Juárez Reinforces Six Police Stations After Mexican Cartel Attacks
Across Mexico border from safe El Paso, violence surges in Juárez
Border Agents Help Mexican Police Bust Human Smuggling Stash House
Mexico screening for criminals in latest migrant caravan; Salvadoran gang member wanted in murder is nabbed __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Selected Incidents
Yuma Sector BP agents arrest convicted felon, gang member
Motive unclear in Nevada slayings Trump thrust in spotlight
llegal immigrant linked to Nevada killing spree was from El Salvador, according to ICE
Creepy video shows illegals climbing smuggler’s ladder, entering Yuma Sector
306 migrants apprehended near Lordsburg; migrant discovered with flesh-eating bacteria
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
New Mexico
Cartels Reopen Old Migrant Routes Through Arizona, New Mexico
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Arizona
Cartels Reopen Old Migrant Routes Through Arizona, New Mexico
Drug Smuggling, Theft, Violence: Uneasy Ranchers Worry about Rising Crime on the Arizona-Mexico Border
US ranchers near Mexico weigh in on border wall, shutdown talks
Drug Smuggling, Theft, Violence: Uneasy Ranchers Worry about Rising Crime on the Arizona-Mexico Border
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Texas
Texas Border Sheriffs: There is No Crisis and We Don’t Want Trump’s Wall  
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
California
Illegal Aliens tell of ballot-harvesting in California to flip the House blue
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Politics
Trump unveils new slogan for border wall
New Reports Reveal Trump Administration Did Develop a Policy to Separate Families
There's Never Been a Better Time to Bribe TSA and CBP Officers Than During President Trump's Shutdown __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Books
Double Wide ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Insight Crime News
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

·         Colombia Cocaine Boom Likely Behind Rising European Port Seizures

·         ELN Car Bomb in Bogotá Takes Fight to Colombia’s Cities

·         Criminal GameChangers 2018: The Full Report

·         Political Mafias Helped Empower Gangs, says El Salvador Security Expert

·         Venezuela Soldiers Mutiny, Lambast Corrupt Military Leadership

·         Cartels Reopen Old Migrant Routes Through Arizona, New Mexico

·         EPL Muscles in on El Naya Drug Corridor in West Colombia

·         InSight Crime’s 2018 Homicide Round-Up

·         Pirates Control Ocean Between Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago

·         El Salvador Homicides Thrust MS13 Back Into Official Discourse

·         Wave of Killings Showcase Puerto Rico’s Ongoing Weakened Security

·         Arrest of Venezuela’s New Political Star Potential Misstep by Police

 


_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The following was excerpted from: Breitbart News  See: https://www.breitbart.com/border/2019/01/08/29-facts-about-the-border-and-mexican-cartels-you-need-to-know/

29 Facts About the Border and Mexican Cartels You Need to Know

As the debate about the construction of a wall and other border security issues, here are 29 facts that you need to know. The topics came up during the most recent episode of “Coffee with Scott Adams.” Brandon Darby, the Managing Editor for Breitbart’s Border and Cartel Chronicles, sat down with the famed creator of the Dilbert comics to discuss the intricacies of border security.

1) No one is proposing a wall between all of Mexico and the U.S.—the U.S. southern border is approximately 2,000 miles. The discussion is about 1,000 miles of physical barriers in regions that are heavily controlled by drug cartels.

2) The Texas border is about 1,200 miles of the approximately 2,000 miles of the total southern border. Most of that border is the Rio Grande, a river which varies in intensity with respect to currents.

3) Mexico has numerous states under the direct influence of drug cartels that have standing armies with access to RPGs, armored vehicles, artillery, and explosives. Most of Mexico has military forces patrolling streets to deal with cartel paramilitary forces.

4) The most violent drug cartels operate south of the Texas border. Factions of Los Zetas and the Gulf Cartel routinely allow their violence to spill over to the average person.

5) The border city of Tijuana has some of the highest murder statistics in all of Mexico. Despite record-setting figures, most of the victims tend to be tied to drug trafficking.

6) Border cities south of Texas like Reynosa, Tamaulipas, have much lower murder rates than Tijuana. Despite the difference, average citizens are often touched by cartels including shootouts, kidnappings, and other violent activities.

7) Most of the efforts by drug cartels to control migration happens South of the Texas border. Criminal organizations like the Reynosa faction of the Gulf Cartel profit more from human smuggling than drug trafficking.

8) The majority of tunnels are found on the Arizona and California borders. The tunnels are generally discovered in areas where there are population centers on both sides of the border and a wall or fence is already in place. Few have been found in Texas, where there is a river.

9) Most tunnels are discovered thanks to informants; law enforcement technology has rarely been successful in locating border tunnels.

10) Most of the border does not have a drug tunnel problem. They are typically found in Douglas and Nogales, Arizona, as well as Mexicali, San Diego/San Isidro, California.

11) Cartels spend a lot of money building a tunnel–only to be discovered shortly after.

12) Claims by Democrats about the low crime rates in El Paso are an example of walls working. In areas with considerable border barriers such as El Paso, the regional criminal groups turn more professional and shy away from illegal immigration to traffic harder drugs through ports of entry.

13) The presence of physical barriers in cities like El Paso has led to fewer people coming over the border to commit petty crimes or bring loads of drugs on their backs. The criminal organizations in the area shifted toward corrupting U.S. Customs and Border Protection officials to smuggle harder drugs.

14) A partially secured border is more deadly than an open or well-secured one. Previous administrations put barriers south of most cities in Arizona and California to funnel illicit traffic into areas that were easier to manage or too desolate to cross. This led to a spike in deaths since the desire of people to reach the U.S. pushes them to more remote and dangerous areas

15) Human smuggling and illegal immigration will continue to be a problem until economic opportunities improve in Mexico and in Central America.

16) Mexican transnational criminal groups and their leaders have grown beyond the size and power of the American mafia from Prohibition Era and Al Capone. Cartels are integrated into the Mexican political culture and bureaucracy. Legalization would not stop them.

17) The decriminalization of marijuana and the production of higher quality plants in the U.S. versus Mexico had a series of unspoken consequences. After marijuana from Mexico was not able to compete with U.S.-grown plants, some cartels shifted their model more toward human smuggling–becoming a factor in the 2014 migrant crisis and the current one at the U.S. border.

18) After marijuana decriminalization in the U.S., cartels shifted to increase their cultivation of poppies and the production of black tar heroin. In order to compete with the Asian product, cartels use fentanyl–playing a role in the current opioid overdose epidemic.

19) The U.S. State Department influences how hard authorities crack down on cartels. U.S. agencies have been told to “measure their law enforcement priorities with the State Department’s diplomatic concerns.”

20) A cartel’s power in Mexico comes not from kingpins, but from politicians, financiers, lawyers, and money launderers. U.S. authorities and diplomats routinely focus on kingpins such as “El Chapo” and his lieutenants, but never go after the rest of the circle.

21) The state of Tamaulipas, directly south of Texas, has two former governors currently indicted for their alleged roles in helping cartels. One remains in Mexico, while the other is in U.S. custody awaiting trial.

22) U.S. diplomats are negotiating and playing along with the same Mexican politicians that protect cartels, in the interest of trade and diplomacy.

23) Certain factions of drug cartels have crossed the line into terrorism and should classified as such. The designation would change the way the U.S. alienates them from banks, financial resources, and politicians. Other cartels would be forced to tone down their actions or risk similar consequences.

24) Worries of Middle Eastern terrorists crossing the southwestern border are at times mitigated by cartel members who are informants for U.S. agencies that enjoy handsome incentives to turn people in.

25) The more likely scenario for terrorism deals with people flying into Canada and then entering the U.S. with visas. Most people on the terror watch list who try to enter the U.S. across the southern border are Somalis or Kurds.

26) Certain organizations like Los Zetas and the Gulf Cartel present more of an imminent threat than foreign terrorists entering through the southern border.

27) Mexico’s ongoing cartel violence and drug war has led to more murders and disappearances than some international wars. Mexico has suffered more than 250,000 homicides and at least 30,000 disappearances since 2009.

28) Up to 70 percent of the women and girls from Central America who come through Mexico to the U.S. are sexually assaulted en route. Most women who leave Central America for the U.S. have the expectation of facing multiple abuses at the hands of cartel-connected human smugglers.

29) The State Department keeps U.S. law enforcement from being more aggressive against cartels. The State Department has everything to do with how law enforcement and intelligence agencies operate in Mexico–and any effort to secure the border without addressing the Department’s timidity in Mexico will likely fail or be less successful than it otherwise could be.

Ildefonso Ortiz is an award-winning journalist with Breitbart Texas. He co-founded the Cartel Chronicles project with Brandon Darby and Stephen K. Bannon.  You can follow him on Twitter and on Facebook. He can be contacted at Iortiz@breitbart.com.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

From ICE Acting Director Homan:

Excerpt from:
https://www.numbersusa.com/blog/blame-congress-rapid-rise-illegal-border-crossings

REFORM THE TRAFFICKING VICTIMS PROTECTION REAUTHORIZATION ACT (TVPRA) -- Commonly referred to as the William Wilberforce Act, TVPRA prohibits Border Patrol from quickly removing unaccompanied children from non-contiguous countries who attempt to cross the border illegally. UACs from Mexico and Canada can be quickly returned once Border Patrol is able to determine that they're not victims of human trafficking. But for minors from countries outside of Mexico and Canada, minors must be turned over to Health and Human Services, allowing them to stay in the country indefinitely.

REFORM THE ASYLUM PROCESS -- Under existing law, anyone apprehended at the border who makes a credible fear claim that passes the initial screening is released. Since 2008, there's been a 1700% spike in the number of credible fear claims made at the Southern border, and 80% pass the credible fear screening. However, only 20% of those who pass the credible fear screening are granted asylum by a federal judge.

MANDATE E-VERIFY -- Foreign nationals cross the border illegally because they can obtain jobs in the U.S. Homan said requiring all employers to use E-Verify would discourage most illegal immigration to the United States and dramatically reduce the number of illegal border crossings.

END SANCTUARY CITIES -- At last count, more than 300 sanctuary jurisdictions exist across the country, including California which recently passed legislation making it a sanctuary state. Jurisdictions that protect illegal aliens from removal encourages illegal border crossings because illegal aliens know they have hundreds of safe-havens to choose from once they get here.

TERMINATE FLORES AGREEMENT -- The spike in the apprehension of family units is a result of the Flores Agreement, which restricts the period of time that Border Patrol can detain family units. The Flores Agreement encourages illegal border crossers to cross with children, knowing that Border Patrol has to release them after a certain period of time. If BP were able to hold family units until their court date, family units would be less likely to cross the border illegally.

All of Homan's policy recommendations are included in Rep. Bob Goodlatte's H.R. 4760, the Securing America's Future Act, but not surprisingly, none are part of the ongoing DACA amnesty negotiations between House Republicans.

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Mexico

Here’s How Mexico Treats Illegal Immigrants

Authored by: Matt Palumbo

While combating illegal immigration has long been a bipartisan issue, the so-called anti-Trump “resistance” has decided that guilt tripping anyone who supports a sensible immigration policy is a viable political strategy. We’ve all heard the arguments; that opposing illegal immigration is preventing people from “just looking for a better life,” or over the past few months, is “separating families.” And of course there’s the most common insult, that enforcing immigration laws is “racist.”

But are America’s immigration laws, or our treatment of illegal immigrants uniquely awful?

To answer that question, let’s examine the situation in another nation: Mexico.

Mexico Rejects More Asylum Requests than the U.S. 

Speaking of the rise in asylum request rejections under Trump, a writer at the American-Statesman noted a “dramatic” change. They write, “Immigration judges, who are employed by the Justice Department and not the judicial branch like other federal judges, rejected 61.8 percent of asylum cases decided in 2017, the highest denial rate since 2005.”

Meanwhile in Mexico, nearly 90 percent of asylum requests are denied (and the figures are similarly high for other Latin American countries, such as El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala).

Mexico Regulates Immigration Based on Race

I only bring this up, because for all the rhetoric about Trump’s supposed racism or disdain for certain immigrants, there is one country that does regulate their immigration flows by race, and that’s the country Trump is most accused of being racist against.

In Article 37 of Mexico’s General Law of Population, we learn that their Department of the Interior shall be able to deny foreigners entry into Mexico, if, among other reasons, they may disrupt the “domestic demographic equilibrium.” Additionally, Article 37 also states that immigrants can be removed if they’re detrimental to “economic or national interests.”

Mexico Deports More Central American Illegal Immigrants than the United States

In July 2014, former Mexican president, Enrique Peña Nieto and former president of Guatemala Otto Pérez Molina, announced the start of a migration security project called Plan Frontera Sur (Southern Border Plan). The U.S. has committed at least $100 million towards this plan to help aid Mexican border security, because it’s mutually beneficial. Both Mexico and the U.S. want to keep out Central American illegal immigrants (and they have to pass through Mexico to reach the U.S.)..

Since Plan Frontera Sur, Mexico has deported more central American illegal immigrants than we have in the U.S. Even CNN had to acknowledge that:

According to statistics from the US and Mexican governments compiled by the nonpartisan Migration Policy Institute, Mexico in 2015 apprehended tens of thousands more Central Americans in its country than the US did at its border, and in 2015 and 2016 it deported roughly twice as many Central Americans as the US did.Since migrant children are the hot-button topic in the American immigration debate currently; In 2014 there were 18,169 migrant children were deported from Mexico, and 8,350 deported to Central America the year before. From January 2015 to July 2016, 39,751 unaccompanied minors were put in the custody of Mexican authorities.

A report this year from Amnesty International concluded that “Mexican migration authorities are routinely turning back thousands of people from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala to their countries without considering the risk to their life and security upon return, in many cases violating international and domestic law by doing so.”

Mexico Has Their Own Southern Border – and Invisible Wall

For us much as Donald Trump is criticized by the political class in Mexico for wanting to beef up security on the U.S.-Mexico border, as previously mentioned, Mexico has accepted our help in enforcing their immigration laws on their own southern border with Guatemala. While they don’t have a literal border fence, they do have checkpoints, patrols, raids, etc. According to NPR:

Rather than amassing troops on its border with Guatemala, Mexico stations migration agents, local and federal police, soldiers and marines to create a kind of containment zone in Chiapas state. With roving checkpoints and raids, Mexican migration agents have formed a formidable deportation force.
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

14 killed in shooting attacks in Mexican border city

Read more at:
//economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/64717234.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_cam____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________In Homan's conversation with CIS's Jessica Vaughan, he identified five actions that Congress can take to end the surge of illegal border crossings.


===============================================================================================================================================================================

The Current "Wall" Images

========================================================================================================================================================

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NEW BOOK by Judicial Watch's Tom Fitton: Clean House: Exposing Our Government's Secrets and Lies

Judicial Watch: Open Records Laws and Resources ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Leo Banks is a Tucson-based reporter who covers border-related issues.

New Book
Double Wide
A novel by
Leo W Banks

=================================================================================================================================================================================

Excerpt from CIS: https://cis.org/Fact-Sheet/Asylum-Removal-and-Immigration-Courts

Asylum

Definition:

An applicant for asylum has the burden to demonstrate that he or she is eligible for that protection. To satisfy that burden, the applicant must prove that he or she is a refugee. A “refugee” is a person outside of his or her country of nationality or habitual residence who is “unable or unwilling” to return to that country “because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.”

Talking Points:

Expedited Removal

Definition:

The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) allows immigration officers — rather than judges — to order the deportation of arriving aliens who are inadmissible because of fraud or misrepresentation, because they have no documentation (like a passport or a visa) that would allow them to be admitted, or because they entered illegally and are apprehended within 100 miles of the border and 14 days of entry.

Talking Point:

Credible Fear

Definition:

If an alien in expedited removal asserts a fear of persecution, the arresting officer will refer the alien to an asylum officer for a “credible fear interview”. If the asylum officer determines that the alien has a credible fear, the alien is placed in removal proceedings before an immigration judge, where the alien can file his or her application for asylum. Under the INA, the term “‘credible fear of persecution’ means that there is a significant possibility, taking into account the credibility of the statements made by the alien in support of the alien’s claim and such other facts as are known to the officer, that the alien could establish eligibility for asylum under section 208.” This is a very low standard, and credible fear is found in 75 to 90 percent of all cases in which an alien claims credible fear.

Talking Points:

Bond

Definition:

“Bond” is the term used in immigration for the release of an alien pending removal proceedings or removal. Aliens can be released on their own recognizance, or on a minimum bond of $1,500. Bond can be granted by either an immigration judge or U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).

Parole

Definition:

“Parole” is the term used in immigration for the release of an arriving alien. It can only be granted by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Again, DHS can release an alien on parole on his or her own recognizance, or for a sum of money as bond.

Unaccompanied Alien Child (UAC)

Definition:

An alien under the age of 18 who enters the United States or is apprehended by DHS who does not have a parent or guardian in the United States. Under section 462 of the Homeland Security Act (2002), UACs must be turned over to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), not DHS, for detention.

Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 (TVPRA)

Definition:

Modified the rules governing the detention of unaccompanied alien children (UACs). Under the TVPRA, UACs must be turned over to HHS within 48 hours of detention by DHS, or identification as a UAC, and “promptly placed in the least restrictive setting that is in the best interest of the child,” generally meaning release to a family member or friend.

Talking Point:

Flores Settlement Agreement

Definition:

An agreement between the then-Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and a class of alien minors in 1997, which is currently overseen by Judge Dolly Gee of the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. In 2016, it was read to create a presumption in favor of the release of all alien minors, even those alien minors who arrive with their parents.

Talking Points:

Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR)

Definition:

Agency of the Department of Justice (DOJ) with jurisdiction over the immigration courts and the Board of immigration appeals (BIA).

Immigration Courts

Definition:

Courts with primary jurisdiction over removal proceedings. Immigration judges in these courts determine removability, set bond where they have jurisdiction, and can adjudicate applications for relief from removal, including asylum.

Talking Point:

Backlog

Definition:

Cases that have been pending before the immigration courts for more than one year. The backlog more than doubled from FYs 2006 through 2015, primarily due to declining numbers of cases completed per year. There were 437,000 pending cases at the start of FY 2015, when the median pending time was 404 days.

Talking Points:

Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA)

Definition:

 Appellate tribunal with jurisdiction over appeals from immigration courts. Most aliens have a right to appeal immigration court decisions to the BIA.

Topics: Immigration Courts, Asylum

Fact Sheet
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Southwest Border Tour, Spring 2019: Hosted by the Center for Immigration Studies
Read Accounts and View Pictures of Past Tours:
Unrest in the Rio Grande Valley
Diligence on a Changing Canadian Border
Constant Activity on the California Border
Holding Steady in West Texas
A Washington Narrative Meets Reality
Sunshine, Saguaros, and Smugglers
Reflections from the Border

End of 1/25/2019 BORDER NEWS WATCH SPECIAL EDITION