BORDER NEWS WATCH SPECIAL EDITIONS - 2/2019

 

 

2/1/2019 BORDER NEWS WATCH SPECIAL EDITION

 

Venezuela
Russian Mercenaries Providing Muscle for Venezuela’s Embattled Maduro
Hezbollah’s Backing of Maduro May Shine Light on Links With Venezuela
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US Congress
Rep Jody Hice Introduced Bill to End Chain Migration
Senate Blocks DACA-for-Wall Proposal from a Floor Vote
Rep. Andy Biggs: Here's what a fully funded and functioning border security system looks like
McSally votes for border security, Sinema votes against it

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Opinion
Ending the humanitarian crisis on our border
EDITORIAL: Border security more complex than just building 'the wall'
How Government Shutdowns Worsen the Opioid Crisis

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Opinion Polls
Polls Show Voters Are Divided About 'The Wall,' United in Opposition to Illegal Immigration, Strongly Favor Cuts to Legal Immigration
Monmouth Poll Finds 88% of Registered Voters Reject Trading DACA Amnesty for Wall Funding
Most Voters Say No Wall, Another Shutdown Likely
Just 14% Think It's Too Easy to Become a U.S. Citizen  ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The "Wall
"
Conservatives head to Texas to try to build their own wall
The Wall a CDN Exclusive: A visit to U.S. Border Patrol, San Diego (photos-video)
York | In border talks, a new fight for deniers
4 Pros and 4 Cons for the U.S.-Mexico Border Wall
Trump Laid Out Evidence That a Wall Is Needed. We Took a Hard Look
Can a Wall Pay for Itself?: An Update
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Border Perspective
Steller column: 'Border ranchers' aren't monolithic or typical in Arizona borderland
Global citizens scholars visit United States, Mexico border
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DHS
Admin explains return-to-Mexico guidance for migrants
DHS Sets Up Fake Visa Mill as a Sting: And how a failure of mine saved the sting from a premature exposure __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
CBP Website
ICE Website
FOX News on Immigration
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CIS vs SPLC

Center for Immigration Studies Files a Civil RICO Lawsuit Against the President of Southern Poverty Law Center
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Border Patrol
Concertina wire praised by Border Patrol, scorned by local officials
The Wall a CDN Exclusive: A visit to U.S. Border Patrol, San Diego (photos-video)
Trump ordered 15,000 new border and immigration officers — but got thousands of vacancies instead
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Build the Wall Website
Conservatives head to Texas to try to build their own wall
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VISAS
President Trump's U-Turn on Replacing Americans with Foreign Workers
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ICE
ICE nabs dozens of illegal immigrants, some with sex crime convictions, in New York
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USCIS
Admin explains return-to-Mexico guidance for migrants
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Tunnels
Border Patrol Finds Smuggling Tunnel near Rio Grande
As border wall talks continue, agents keep finding cross-border tunnels
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Immigration Policy

Revisiting ‘A Pen and a Phone’: A Midterm Assessment: What immigration actions has the president taken, and how effective have they been?
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Illegal Immigration Policy
NYT Story Unwittingly Shows Effectiveness of Trump’s Border Policies
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Illegal Immigration
Data from CBP show number of illegal border crossings from Mexico
Guatemala's 'Slow-Motion Coup' Is Causing Migrants to Flee to the US
Hundreds of migrants cross Arizona border after 'several busloads' dropped off in Mexico
242 Central Americans Surrender in Tucson Sector as Humanitarian Crisis Continues
Illegal immigrant families crossing border at record rates, stretching resources
Easy solution to stop illegal immigration
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Immigration Court
Why Alternative Programs Don’t Eliminate the Need for Immigration Detention
Skipping Court: U.S. Immigration Courts & Aliens Who Disappear Before Trial ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Sanctuary
Indictment of Seven Illegals in Police Murder Case Highlights California’s Sanctuary Law
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Smuggling
Alleged drug runners in special shoes, camouflage nabbed at border
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Citizenship

Giles, other mayors blast plan to ask citizenship status on 2020 Census
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Central American Migrants
U.S. Customs and Border Protection Officers conduct readiness exercise
11/2018: Ami Horowitz: The Truth Behind the Caravan
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Asylum
Pelosi: If Asylum-Seekers Illegally Cross Border into US, ‘That’s Okay Too’
Trump Administration’s Asylum-Seeker Policy Takes Effect
Former Tucson monastery begins taking in asylum seekers sooner than planned
Officials: Nogales, Sonora, not ready to house asylum seekers sent back by US 
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Military Support
Additional troops to be sent to the border

The Pentagon flew as many domestic drone missions in 2018 as it did in the last 7 years combined
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Judicial

Indictment of Seven Illegals in Police Murder Case Highlights California’s Sanctuary Law



 


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El Chapo
El Chapo Case: Proposed instructions to jury and breakdown of counts for jury deliberation ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
No More Deaths
What’s next for No More Deaths after latest convictions of volunteers?
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Cartels
EXCLUSIVE VIDEO: Mexican Border State Cartel Rip Crew Boss Works for Narco-Terrorist
Narco-Terror: Mexican Cartel Threatens President AMLO with Plastic Explosives
EXCLUSIVE — Terrorist Who Targeted Americans Takes Over Mexican Cartel on Texas Border
Mexican Cartel Dumps Dismembered Body Outside Border State Mayor’s Office
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Politics
CNN Ignores Trump’s Power in Border Security Debate
Trump’s Immigration Statistics Are Challenged by Experts
Nobody Believes A Wall Will Stop Illegal Immigration
Conservatives say Trump caved, but confident he'll get wall
Trump says 'we'll do the emergency' if border talks fail
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GOM
Mexico Ends Fast-Track Asylum Visas: A new humanitarian disaster in the offing?
Mexican President AMLO: ‘No More War’ on Drugs
AMLO’s National Guard: Mexico Still Needs Its Military to Restore Public Safety __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Selected Incidents
Previously Deported Killer Arrested Walking into Arizona Border Checkpoint
U.S. Border Officers Make Largest-Ever Fentanyl Bust: 254 Pounds Hidden Under Cucumbers
Largest Fentanyl Drug Bust In History Made As Truck Tried Crossing The Southern Border
The Latest: Border officials report biggest fentanyl bust
Authorities arrest Mexican, Guatemalan citizens trying to cross border
12 people, including suspected smuggler, taken into custody after panga boat washes ashore in Huntington Beach
Mexican Citizen Arrested with 41 Pounds of Meth in California, Says Border Patrol
Agents Seize Cocaine, Meth in Single Smuggling Attempt
More Than 200 Pounds Of Marijuana Seized At Mexican Border
WATCH: People in Mexico Hurl Rocks at Border Patrol Agents After Illegal Crossing
Bi-national effort busts suspected human trafficking stash house near Sunland Park, NM
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Sonora
Officials: Nogales, Sonora, not ready to house asylum seekers sent back by US
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Arizona
Concertina wire praised by Border Patrol, scorned by local officials
Former Tucson monastery begins taking in asylum seekers sooner than planned
Raw Mexican sewage crossing border into Nogales Arizona
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Books
Double Wide ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Insight Crime News
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·         Russian Mercenaries Providing Muscle for Venezuela’s Embattled Maduro

·         How Would El Salvador’s Presidential Candidates Tackle Organized Crime?

·         Iranian Gold, Platinum Smugglers Arrested in Colombia’s Chocó

·         Caparrapos Thriving in Colombia Due to Alliances With ELN, Ex-FARC Mafia

·         Argentina’s Castedo Clan Continues to Survive Despite Top Arrests

·         Hezbollah’s Backing of Maduro May Shine Light on Links With Venezuela

·         Growing Extortion Spurs Wave of Deadly Bus Attacks in Guatemala

·         Human Trafficking Conviction Rates on the Rise in Latin America

·         Ecuador Warned of Potential Cross-Border Attack by ELN

·         Colombia Cocaine Boom Likely Behind Rising European Port Seizures

·         ELN Car Bomb in Bogotá Takes Fight to Colombia’s Cities

·         Criminal GameChangers 2018: The Full Report

 


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The following was excerpted from: Breitbart News  See: https://www.breitbart.com/border/2019/01/08/29-facts-about-the-border-and-mexican-cartels-you-need-to-know/

29 Facts About the Border and Mexican Cartels You Need to Know

As the debate about the construction of a wall and other border security issues, here are 29 facts that you need to know. The topics came up during the most recent episode of “Coffee with Scott Adams.” Brandon Darby, the Managing Editor for Breitbart’s Border and Cartel Chronicles, sat down with the famed creator of the Dilbert comics to discuss the intricacies of border security.

1) No one is proposing a wall between all of Mexico and the U.S.—the U.S. southern border is approximately 2,000 miles. The discussion is about 1,000 miles of physical barriers in regions that are heavily controlled by drug cartels.

2) The Texas border is about 1,200 miles of the approximately 2,000 miles of the total southern border. Most of that border is the Rio Grande, a river which varies in intensity with respect to currents.

3) Mexico has numerous states under the direct influence of drug cartels that have standing armies with access to RPGs, armored vehicles, artillery, and explosives. Most of Mexico has military forces patrolling streets to deal with cartel paramilitary forces.

4) The most violent drug cartels operate south of the Texas border. Factions of Los Zetas and the Gulf Cartel routinely allow their violence to spill over to the average person.

5) The border city of Tijuana has some of the highest murder statistics in all of Mexico. Despite record-setting figures, most of the victims tend to be tied to drug trafficking.

6) Border cities south of Texas like Reynosa, Tamaulipas, have much lower murder rates than Tijuana. Despite the difference, average citizens are often touched by cartels including shootouts, kidnappings, and other violent activities.

7) Most of the efforts by drug cartels to control migration happens South of the Texas border. Criminal organizations like the Reynosa faction of the Gulf Cartel profit more from human smuggling than drug trafficking.

8) The majority of tunnels are found on the Arizona and California borders. The tunnels are generally discovered in areas where there are population centers on both sides of the border and a wall or fence is already in place. Few have been found in Texas, where there is a river.

9) Most tunnels are discovered thanks to informants; law enforcement technology has rarely been successful in locating border tunnels.

10) Most of the border does not have a drug tunnel problem. They are typically found in Douglas and Nogales, Arizona, as well as Mexicali, San Diego/San Isidro, California.

11) Cartels spend a lot of money building a tunnel–only to be discovered shortly after.

12) Claims by Democrats about the low crime rates in El Paso are an example of walls working. In areas with considerable border barriers such as El Paso, the regional criminal groups turn more professional and shy away from illegal immigration to traffic harder drugs through ports of entry.

13) The presence of physical barriers in cities like El Paso has led to fewer people coming over the border to commit petty crimes or bring loads of drugs on their backs. The criminal organizations in the area shifted toward corrupting U.S. Customs and Border Protection officials to smuggle harder drugs.

14) A partially secured border is more deadly than an open or well-secured one. Previous administrations put barriers south of most cities in Arizona and California to funnel illicit traffic into areas that were easier to manage or too desolate to cross. This led to a spike in deaths since the desire of people to reach the U.S. pushes them to more remote and dangerous areas

15) Human smuggling and illegal immigration will continue to be a problem until economic opportunities improve in Mexico and in Central America.

16) Mexican transnational criminal groups and their leaders have grown beyond the size and power of the American mafia from Prohibition Era and Al Capone. Cartels are integrated into the Mexican political culture and bureaucracy. Legalization would not stop them.

17) The decriminalization of marijuana and the production of higher quality plants in the U.S. versus Mexico had a series of unspoken consequences. After marijuana from Mexico was not able to compete with U.S.-grown plants, some cartels shifted their model more toward human smuggling–becoming a factor in the 2014 migrant crisis and the current one at the U.S. border.

18) After marijuana decriminalization in the U.S., cartels shifted to increase their cultivation of poppies and the production of black tar heroin. In order to compete with the Asian product, cartels use fentanyl–playing a role in the current opioid overdose epidemic.

19) The U.S. State Department influences how hard authorities crack down on cartels. U.S. agencies have been told to “measure their law enforcement priorities with the State Department’s diplomatic concerns.”

20) A cartel’s power in Mexico comes not from kingpins, but from politicians, financiers, lawyers, and money launderers. U.S. authorities and diplomats routinely focus on kingpins such as “El Chapo” and his lieutenants, but never go after the rest of the circle.

21) The state of Tamaulipas, directly south of Texas, has two former governors currently indicted for their alleged roles in helping cartels. One remains in Mexico, while the other is in U.S. custody awaiting trial.

22) U.S. diplomats are negotiating and playing along with the same Mexican politicians that protect cartels, in the interest of trade and diplomacy.

23) Certain factions of drug cartels have crossed the line into terrorism and should classified as such. The designation would change the way the U.S. alienates them from banks, financial resources, and politicians. Other cartels would be forced to tone down their actions or risk similar consequences.

24) Worries of Middle Eastern terrorists crossing the southwestern border are at times mitigated by cartel members who are informants for U.S. agencies that enjoy handsome incentives to turn people in.

25) The more likely scenario for terrorism deals with people flying into Canada and then entering the U.S. with visas. Most people on the terror watch list who try to enter the U.S. across the southern border are Somalis or Kurds.

26) Certain organizations like Los Zetas and the Gulf Cartel present more of an imminent threat than foreign terrorists entering through the southern border.

27) Mexico’s ongoing cartel violence and drug war has led to more murders and disappearances than some international wars. Mexico has suffered more than 250,000 homicides and at least 30,000 disappearances since 2009.

28) Up to 70 percent of the women and girls from Central America who come through Mexico to the U.S. are sexually assaulted en route. Most women who leave Central America for the U.S. have the expectation of facing multiple abuses at the hands of cartel-connected human smugglers.

29) The State Department keeps U.S. law enforcement from being more aggressive against cartels. The State Department has everything to do with how law enforcement and intelligence agencies operate in Mexico–and any effort to secure the border without addressing the Department’s timidity in Mexico will likely fail or be less successful than it otherwise could be.

Ildefonso Ortiz is an award-winning journalist with Breitbart Texas. He co-founded the Cartel Chronicles project with Brandon Darby and Stephen K. Bannon.  You can follow him on Twitter and on Facebook. He can be contacted at Iortiz@breitbart.com.
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From ICE Acting Director Homan:

Excerpt from:
https://www.numbersusa.com/blog/blame-congress-rapid-rise-illegal-border-crossings

REFORM THE TRAFFICKING VICTIMS PROTECTION REAUTHORIZATION ACT (TVPRA) -- Commonly referred to as the William Wilberforce Act, TVPRA prohibits Border Patrol from quickly removing unaccompanied children from non-contiguous countries who attempt to cross the border illegally. UACs from Mexico and Canada can be quickly returned once Border Patrol is able to determine that they're not victims of human trafficking. But for minors from countries outside of Mexico and Canada, minors must be turned over to Health and Human Services, allowing them to stay in the country indefinitely.

REFORM THE ASYLUM PROCESS -- Under existing law, anyone apprehended at the border who makes a credible fear claim that passes the initial screening is released. Since 2008, there's been a 1700% spike in the number of credible fear claims made at the Southern border, and 80% pass the credible fear screening. However, only 20% of those who pass the credible fear screening are granted asylum by a federal judge.

MANDATE E-VERIFY -- Foreign nationals cross the border illegally because they can obtain jobs in the U.S. Homan said requiring all employers to use E-Verify would discourage most illegal immigration to the United States and dramatically reduce the number of illegal border crossings.

END SANCTUARY CITIES -- At last count, more than 300 sanctuary jurisdictions exist across the country, including California which recently passed legislation making it a sanctuary state. Jurisdictions that protect illegal aliens from removal encourages illegal border crossings because illegal aliens know they have hundreds of safe-havens to choose from once they get here.

TERMINATE FLORES AGREEMENT -- The spike in the apprehension of family units is a result of the Flores Agreement, which restricts the period of time that Border Patrol can detain family units. The Flores Agreement encourages illegal border crossers to cross with children, knowing that Border Patrol has to release them after a certain period of time. If BP were able to hold family units until their court date, family units would be less likely to cross the border illegally.

All of Homan's policy recommendations are included in Rep. Bob Goodlatte's H.R. 4760, the Securing America's Future Act, but not surprisingly, none are part of the ongoing DACA amnesty negotiations between House Republicans.

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Mexico
Here’s How Mexico Treats Illegal Immigrants

Authored by: Matt Palumbo

While combating illegal immigration has long been a bipartisan issue, the so-called anti-Trump “resistance” has decided that guilt tripping anyone who supports a sensible immigration policy is a viable political strategy. We’ve all heard the arguments; that opposing illegal immigration is preventing people from “just looking for a better life,” or over the past few months, is “separating families.” And of course there’s the most common insult, that enforcing immigration laws is “racist.”

But are America’s immigration laws, or our treatment of illegal immigrants uniquely awful?

To answer that question, let’s examine the situation in another nation: Mexico.

Mexico Rejects More Asylum Requests than the U.S. 

Speaking of the rise in asylum request rejections under Trump, a writer at the American-Statesman noted a “dramatic” change. They write, “Immigration judges, who are employed by the Justice Department and not the judicial branch like other federal judges, rejected 61.8 percent of asylum cases decided in 2017, the highest denial rate since 2005.”

Meanwhile in Mexico, nearly 90 percent of asylum requests are denied (and the figures are similarly high for other Latin American countries, such as El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala).

Mexico Regulates Immigration Based on Race

I only bring this up, because for all the rhetoric about Trump’s supposed racism or disdain for certain immigrants, there is one country that does regulate their immigration flows by race, and that’s the country Trump is most accused of being racist against.

In Article 37 of Mexico’s General Law of Population, we learn that their Department of the Interior shall be able to deny foreigners entry into Mexico, if, among other reasons, they may disrupt the “domestic demographic equilibrium.” Additionally, Article 37 also states that immigrants can be removed if they’re detrimental to “economic or national interests.”

Mexico Deports More Central American Illegal Immigrants than the United States

In July 2014, former Mexican president, Enrique Peña Nieto and former president of Guatemala Otto Pérez Molina, announced the start of a migration security project called Plan Frontera Sur (Southern Border Plan). The U.S. has committed at least $100 million towards this plan to help aid Mexican border security, because it’s mutually beneficial. Both Mexico and the U.S. want to keep out Central American illegal immigrants (and they have to pass through Mexico to reach the U.S.)..

Since Plan Frontera Sur, Mexico has deported more central American illegal immigrants than we have in the U.S. Even CNN had to acknowledge that:

According to statistics from the US and Mexican governments compiled by the nonpartisan Migration Policy Institute, Mexico in 2015 apprehended tens of thousands more Central Americans in its country than the US did at its border, and in 2015 and 2016 it deported roughly twice as many Central Americans as the US did.Since migrant children are the hot-button topic in the American immigration debate currently; In 2014 there were 18,169 migrant children were deported from Mexico, and 8,350 deported to Central America the year before. From January 2015 to July 2016, 39,751 unaccompanied minors were put in the custody of Mexican authorities.

A report this year from Amnesty International concluded that “Mexican migration authorities are routinely turning back thousands of people from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala to their countries without considering the risk to their life and security upon return, in many cases violating international and domestic law by doing so.”

Mexico Has Their Own Southern Border – and Invisible Wall

For us much as Donald Trump is criticized by the political class in Mexico for wanting to beef up security on the U.S.-Mexico border, as previously mentioned, Mexico has accepted our help in enforcing their immigration laws on their own southern border with Guatemala. While they don’t have a literal border fence, they do have checkpoints, patrols, raids, etc. According to NPR:

Rather than amassing troops on its border with Guatemala, Mexico stations migration agents, local and federal police, soldiers and marines to create a kind of containment zone in Chiapas state. With roving checkpoints and raids, Mexican migration agents have formed a formidable deportation force.
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14 killed in shooting attacks in Mexican border city

Read more at:
//economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/64717234.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_cam____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________In Homan's conversation with CIS's Jessica Vaughan, he identified five actions that Congress can take to end the surge of illegal border crossings.


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The Current "Wall" Images

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NEW BOOK by Judicial Watch's Tom Fitton: Clean House: Exposing Our Government's Secrets and Lies

Judicial Watch: Open Records Laws and Resources ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Leo Banks is a Tucson-based reporter who covers border-related issues.

New Book
Double Wide
A novel by
Leo W Banks

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Excerpt from CIS: https://cis.org/Fact-Sheet/Asylum-Removal-and-Immigration-Courts

Asylum

Definition:

An applicant for asylum has the burden to demonstrate that he or she is eligible for that protection. To satisfy that burden, the applicant must prove that he or she is a refugee. A “refugee” is a person outside of his or her country of nationality or habitual residence who is “unable or unwilling” to return to that country “because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.”

Talking Points:

Expedited Removal

Definition:

The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) allows immigration officers — rather than judges — to order the deportation of arriving aliens who are inadmissible because of fraud or misrepresentation, because they have no documentation (like a passport or a visa) that would allow them to be admitted, or because they entered illegally and are apprehended within 100 miles of the border and 14 days of entry.

Talking Point:

Credible Fear

Definition:

If an alien in expedited removal asserts a fear of persecution, the arresting officer will refer the alien to an asylum officer for a “credible fear interview”. If the asylum officer determines that the alien has a credible fear, the alien is placed in removal proceedings before an immigration judge, where the alien can file his or her application for asylum. Under the INA, the term “‘credible fear of persecution’ means that there is a significant possibility, taking into account the credibility of the statements made by the alien in support of the alien’s claim and such other facts as are known to the officer, that the alien could establish eligibility for asylum under section 208.” This is a very low standard, and credible fear is found in 75 to 90 percent of all cases in which an alien claims credible fear.

Talking Points:

Bond

Definition:

“Bond” is the term used in immigration for the release of an alien pending removal proceedings or removal. Aliens can be released on their own recognizance, or on a minimum bond of $1,500. Bond can be granted by either an immigration judge or U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).

Parole

Definition:

“Parole” is the term used in immigration for the release of an arriving alien. It can only be granted by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Again, DHS can release an alien on parole on his or her own recognizance, or for a sum of money as bond.

Unaccompanied Alien Child (UAC)

Definition:

An alien under the age of 18 who enters the United States or is apprehended by DHS who does not have a parent or guardian in the United States. Under section 462 of the Homeland Security Act (2002), UACs must be turned over to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), not DHS, for detention.

Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 (TVPRA)

Definition:

Modified the rules governing the detention of unaccompanied alien children (UACs). Under the TVPRA, UACs must be turned over to HHS within 48 hours of detention by DHS, or identification as a UAC, and “promptly placed in the least restrictive setting that is in the best interest of the child,” generally meaning release to a family member or friend.

Talking Point:

Flores Settlement Agreement

Definition:

An agreement between the then-Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and a class of alien minors in 1997, which is currently overseen by Judge Dolly Gee of the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. In 2016, it was read to create a presumption in favor of the release of all alien minors, even those alien minors who arrive with their parents.

Talking Points:

Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR)

Definition:

Agency of the Department of Justice (DOJ) with jurisdiction over the immigration courts and the Board of immigration appeals (BIA).

Immigration Courts

Definition:

Courts with primary jurisdiction over removal proceedings. Immigration judges in these courts determine removability, set bond where they have jurisdiction, and can adjudicate applications for relief from removal, including asylum.

Talking Point:

Backlog

Definition:

Cases that have been pending before the immigration courts for more than one year. The backlog more than doubled from FYs 2006 through 2015, primarily due to declining numbers of cases completed per year. There were 437,000 pending cases at the start of FY 2015, when the median pending time was 404 days.

Talking Points:

Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA)

Definition:

 Appellate tribunal with jurisdiction over appeals from immigration courts. Most aliens have a right to appeal immigration court decisions to the BIA.

Topics: Immigration Courts, Asylum

Fact Sheet
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Southwest Border Tour, Spring 2019: Hosted by the Center for Immigration Studies
Read Accounts and View Pictures of Past Tours:
Unrest in the Rio Grande Valley
Diligence on a Changing Canadian Border
Constant Activity on the California Border
Holding Steady in West Texas
A Washington Narrative Meets Reality
Sunshine, Saguaros, and Smugglers
Reflections from the Border

 

End of 2/1/2019 BORDER NEWS WATCH SPECIAL EDITION

 

 

2/8/2019 BORDER NEWS WATCH SPECIAL EDITION

 

US Congress
Is the bipartisan conference committee close to reaching a deal on border security?
Reps. Collins and Johnson Introduce Fix Immigration Loopholes Act
Rep Jody Hice Introduced Bill to End Chain Migration
February 8, 2019: Pelosi and other Democrats caving to border wall funding?
Border Patrol Agent To Join Biggs, Teen Rapper To Join McSally For State Of The Union

ICE Shut Out of DHS Funding Talks
Radical Left-Wing Democrats Demand Congress Cut Funding For Homeland Security

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Opinion
Letter: Everyone wins with border 'smart wall'

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Opinion Polls
More Californians think illegal immigration a higher priority than education, poll says
Monmouth Poll Finds 88% of Registered Voters Reject Trading DACA Amnesty for Wall Funding
Polls Show Voters Are Divided About 'The Wall,' United in Opposition to Illegal Immigration, Strongly Favor Cuts to Legal Immigration
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The "Wall
"
US to waive environmental reviews for San Diego border wall
US prepares to start building portion of Texas border wall
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Border Perspective
Inside the Massive U.S. 'Border Zone' ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

DHS
CBP agent shoots driver attempting to run over agent at US-Mexico border: reports
Border patrol agents continued CBP mission during shutdown
As 2,000 Asylum Seekers Near Texas Border, DHS Blames Congress for ‘Inexcusable Failure’ to ‘Fully Fund’ Trump’s Border Wall
Sec. Nielsen: Just Like the Last Caravans, Illegal Entry Is Not Tolerated
Brutal three days for DHS after three employees killed in separate incidents
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Military Support
Cost Of Border Deployments Could Approach $1 Billion By End Of Fiscal Year
Pentagon moving 250 active-duty troops to Eagle Pass, Texas, because of migrant caravan
MIGRATION CRISIS: US sends additional 2,000 troops to its border with Mexico __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
CBP Website
ICE Website
FOX News on Immigration
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________________________ CIS vs SPLC
Center for Immigration Studies Files a Civil RICO Lawsuit Against the President of Southern Poverty Law Center
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Border Patrol
US border officials' suggestions to secure Mexico boundary don't focus on Donald Trump's wall, claim lawmakers
Texas police group: 'Female border patrol agent' killed on duty in Del Rio sector
Eight Guatemalans Rescued from Border Wall in California __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Judicial
16 undocumented immigrants indicted in multiple counties in southcentral Pa.
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Immigrant Crime
For the Last Time, Here's the Real Link Between Immigration and Crime
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ICE
Where Cities Help Detain Immigrants
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Illegal Alien Criminality
SCAAP Data Suggest Illegal Aliens Commit Crime at a Much Higher Rate Than Citizens and Lawful Immigrants

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Immigration Policy
Trump Wants Increased Immigration. Please Clap.
Revisiting ‘A Pen and a Phone’: A Midterm Assessment: What immigration actions has the president taken, and how effective have they been?
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Illegal Immigration Policy

The facts on immigration: What you need to know before the State of the Union
Trump Administration Issues Visa Sanctions on Ghana _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Illegal Immigration
Trump Claims Illegal Immigration Has Cost The US More Than $18 Billion This Month Alone
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Immigration Court
Skipping Court
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Birth Tourism
20 Arrested in Birth Tourism Scheme
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Smuggling
How Clint Eastwood's The Mule was inspired by war veteran smuggling ton of cocaine
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Nogales, Arizona
Arizona town demands feds cut down barbed wire on border fence
UPDATE: Border officials explain added wire to Nogales wall
Nogales demands removal of razor wire CBP added to downtown border fence
Latest: Border officials explain added wire to Nogales wall
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Tunnels
This city already has a border wall, but smugglers are just digging tunnels under it

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New Mexico

New Mexico Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham Pulls National Guard Troops From Mexico Border
New Mexico rancher calls out state's governor for withdrawing National Guard from border ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Central American Migrants
Washington warns new migrant ‘caravan’ against crossing border
VERIFY: Are Mexican cities busing immigrants to the US-Mexico border?
Fact check: Trump claims Mexican cities are paying for migrants to journey to U.S.
VIDEO: Mexican Border City Hosts Dance Party for Migrant Caravan _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Asylum
“If the Police Aren’t Safe Here, What About Us?” Asylum Seekers Fear “Remain in Mexico” Policy
Trump's immigration policies are benefiting smugglers and violent crime groups in Mexico
Caravan migrants stalled at Texas border eye other routes
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
DACA
Texas AG Asks Judge to End DACA
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
El Chapo
The Dirty Secret of El Chapo’s Downfall
The Rise and Fall of 'El Chapo,' Mexico's Most Wanted Kingpin
Deliberations Begin in Mexican Drug Kingpin El Chapo's Trial
No verdict for El Chapo after second day of deliberations
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Cartels
Guaymas Sonora:Francisco Javier Fourcade, narcocorridos singer executed
Hell on Earth: Disappeared and alive
GRAPHIC — Mexican Narco-Terrorist’s Men Dump More Human Body Parts in Cities near Texas
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
GOM
AMLO Jumping the Gun With Wild Claims About Mexico Security
Mexican Border State Governor: ‘No More Migrant Caravans Allowed’
Mexican Police Seize 550 Pounds of Meth, Fentanyl near Arizona
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Politics
Pres. Trump Doubles Down on Call for More Immigration
Polls Show Voters Are Divided About 'The Wall,' United in Opposition to Illegal Immigration, Strongly Favor Cuts to Legal Immigration
My advice to White House: Don't let immigration stop the jobs momentum from recruiting Americans out of poverty
Trump makes strong case for more fencing without offering amnesties or more foreign workers to get it
President Stands Firm on Need for Border Barrier and Ending Asylum Abuse, Says FAIR

Trump Calls Tolerance of Illegal Immigration ‘Cruel’ in State of the Union
Democrats: The party of illegal immigration
Immigration Attorneys & Journalists Have Been Recently Denied Entry To Mexico, Report Claims
Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez: Immigration and Customs Enforcement ‘Does Not Deserve a Dime’ _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Selected Incidents
CBP agent shoots driver attempting to run over agent at US-Mexico border: reports
Armed Juvenile Human Smuggler Arrested After Pursuit near Texas Border
Man Caught in Calexico Smuggling $1.1M Worth of Meth Stashed in Decorative Rocks: CBP
Tamaulipas: Coordination with Mexico and Border Patrol stops drug shipment
Truck driver in historic fentanyl bust says he was unaware of the drugs
Goodyear murder suspect sought by Maricopa County Sheriff’s Office
Previously deported sex offender and MS-13 member arrested by Border Patrol
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Books
Double Wide ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Insight Crime News
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

·         Peru’s Crusade Against Corruption Faces Severe Uphill Struggle

·         Corruption Probe Catches Up With Former Honduras President Porfirio Lobo

·         Colombian Loan Sharks in Mexico Enjoy Major Cartel Protection

·         Guerrilla-Trained ‘Colectivo’ Threatens Humanitarian Aid to Venezuela

·         The Collaborators in Honduras: The Girls Who Want to be Mortal

·         El Salvador Tycoon, ex-AG Accused of Heading Organized Crime Structure

·         Death of ‘Rodrigo Cadete’ in Colombia Heavy Blow to FARC Dissidents

·         New El Salvador President Will Face Old El Salvador Problem

·         AMLO Jumping the Gun With Wild Claims About Mexico Security

·         The Collaborators in El Salvador: The Witness’s Girlfriend Goes Free

·         Medellín Sees Murders Rise After Years of Declining Violence

·         Russian Mercenaries Providing Muscle for Venezuela’s Embattled Maduro

 


_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The following was excerpted from: Breitbart News  See: https://www.breitbart.com/border/2019/01/08/29-facts-about-the-border-and-mexican-cartels-you-need-to-know/

29 Facts About the Border and Mexican Cartels You Need to Know

As the debate about the construction of a wall and other border security issues, here are 29 facts that you need to know. The topics came up during the most recent episode of “Coffee with Scott Adams.” Brandon Darby, the Managing Editor for Breitbart’s Border and Cartel Chronicles, sat down with the famed creator of the Dilbert comics to discuss the intricacies of border security.

1) No one is proposing a wall between all of Mexico and the U.S.—the U.S. southern border is approximately 2,000 miles. The discussion is about 1,000 miles of physical barriers in regions that are heavily controlled by drug cartels.

2) The Texas border is about 1,200 miles of the approximately 2,000 miles of the total southern border. Most of that border is the Rio Grande, a river which varies in intensity with respect to currents.

3) Mexico has numerous states under the direct influence of drug cartels that have standing armies with access to RPGs, armored vehicles, artillery, and explosives. Most of Mexico has military forces patrolling streets to deal with cartel paramilitary forces.

4) The most violent drug cartels operate south of the Texas border. Factions of Los Zetas and the Gulf Cartel routinely allow their violence to spill over to the average person.

5) The border city of Tijuana has some of the highest murder statistics in all of Mexico. Despite record-setting figures, most of the victims tend to be tied to drug trafficking.

6) Border cities south of Texas like Reynosa, Tamaulipas, have much lower murder rates than Tijuana. Despite the difference, average citizens are often touched by cartels including shootouts, kidnappings, and other violent activities.

7) Most of the efforts by drug cartels to control migration happens South of the Texas border. Criminal organizations like the Reynosa faction of the Gulf Cartel profit more from human smuggling than drug trafficking.

8) The majority of tunnels are found on the Arizona and California borders. The tunnels are generally discovered in areas where there are population centers on both sides of the border and a wall or fence is already in place. Few have been found in Texas, where there is a river.

9) Most tunnels are discovered thanks to informants; law enforcement technology has rarely been successful in locating border tunnels.

10) Most of the border does not have a drug tunnel problem. They are typically found in Douglas and Nogales, Arizona, as well as Mexicali, San Diego/San Isidro, California.

11) Cartels spend a lot of money building a tunnel–only to be discovered shortly after.

12) Claims by Democrats about the low crime rates in El Paso are an example of walls working. In areas with considerable border barriers such as El Paso, the regional criminal groups turn more professional and shy away from illegal immigration to traffic harder drugs through ports of entry.

13) The presence of physical barriers in cities like El Paso has led to fewer people coming over the border to commit petty crimes or bring loads of drugs on their backs. The criminal organizations in the area shifted toward corrupting U.S. Customs and Border Protection officials to smuggle harder drugs.

14) A partially secured border is more deadly than an open or well-secured one. Previous administrations put barriers south of most cities in Arizona and California to funnel illicit traffic into areas that were easier to manage or too desolate to cross. This led to a spike in deaths since the desire of people to reach the U.S. pushes them to more remote and dangerous areas

15) Human smuggling and illegal immigration will continue to be a problem until economic opportunities improve in Mexico and in Central America.

16) Mexican transnational criminal groups and their leaders have grown beyond the size and power of the American mafia from Prohibition Era and Al Capone. Cartels are integrated into the Mexican political culture and bureaucracy. Legalization would not stop them.

17) The decriminalization of marijuana and the production of higher quality plants in the U.S. versus Mexico had a series of unspoken consequences. After marijuana from Mexico was not able to compete with U.S.-grown plants, some cartels shifted their model more toward human smuggling–becoming a factor in the 2014 migrant crisis and the current one at the U.S. border.

18) After marijuana decriminalization in the U.S., cartels shifted to increase their cultivation of poppies and the production of black tar heroin. In order to compete with the Asian product, cartels use fentanyl–playing a role in the current opioid overdose epidemic.

19) The U.S. State Department influences how hard authorities crack down on cartels. U.S. agencies have been told to “measure their law enforcement priorities with the State Department’s diplomatic concerns.”

20) A cartel’s power in Mexico comes not from kingpins, but from politicians, financiers, lawyers, and money launderers. U.S. authorities and diplomats routinely focus on kingpins such as “El Chapo” and his lieutenants, but never go after the rest of the circle.

21) The state of Tamaulipas, directly south of Texas, has two former governors currently indicted for their alleged roles in helping cartels. One remains in Mexico, while the other is in U.S. custody awaiting trial.

22) U.S. diplomats are negotiating and playing along with the same Mexican politicians that protect cartels, in the interest of trade and diplomacy.

23) Certain factions of drug cartels have crossed the line into terrorism and should classified as such. The designation would change the way the U.S. alienates them from banks, financial resources, and politicians. Other cartels would be forced to tone down their actions or risk similar consequences.

24) Worries of Middle Eastern terrorists crossing the southwestern border are at times mitigated by cartel members who are informants for U.S. agencies that enjoy handsome incentives to turn people in.

25) The more likely scenario for terrorism deals with people flying into Canada and then entering the U.S. with visas. Most people on the terror watch list who try to enter the U.S. across the southern border are Somalis or Kurds.

26) Certain organizations like Los Zetas and the Gulf Cartel present more of an imminent threat than foreign terrorists entering through the southern border.

27) Mexico’s ongoing cartel violence and drug war has led to more murders and disappearances than some international wars. Mexico has suffered more than 250,000 homicides and at least 30,000 disappearances since 2009.

28) Up to 70 percent of the women and girls from Central America who come through Mexico to the U.S. are sexually assaulted en route. Most women who leave Central America for the U.S. have the expectation of facing multiple abuses at the hands of cartel-connected human smugglers.

29) The State Department keeps U.S. law enforcement from being more aggressive against cartels. The State Department has everything to do with how law enforcement and intelligence agencies operate in Mexico–and any effort to secure the border without addressing the Department’s timidity in Mexico will likely fail or be less successful than it otherwise could be.

Ildefonso Ortiz is an award-winning journalist with Breitbart Texas. He co-founded the Cartel Chronicles project with Brandon Darby and Stephen K. Bannon.  You can follow him on Twitter and on Facebook. He can be contacted at Iortiz@breitbart.com.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

From ICE Acting Director Homan:

Excerpt from:
https://www.numbersusa.com/blog/blame-congress-rapid-rise-illegal-border-crossings

REFORM THE TRAFFICKING VICTIMS PROTECTION REAUTHORIZATION ACT (TVPRA) -- Commonly referred to as the William Wilberforce Act, TVPRA prohibits Border Patrol from quickly removing unaccompanied children from non-contiguous countries who attempt to cross the border illegally. UACs from Mexico and Canada can be quickly returned once Border Patrol is able to determine that they're not victims of human trafficking. But for minors from countries outside of Mexico and Canada, minors must be turned over to Health and Human Services, allowing them to stay in the country indefinitely.

REFORM THE ASYLUM PROCESS -- Under existing law, anyone apprehended at the border who makes a credible fear claim that passes the initial screening is released. Since 2008, there's been a 1700% spike in the number of credible fear claims made at the Southern border, and 80% pass the credible fear screening. However, only 20% of those who pass the credible fear screening are granted asylum by a federal judge.

MANDATE E-VERIFY -- Foreign nationals cross the border illegally because they can obtain jobs in the U.S. Homan said requiring all employers to use E-Verify would discourage most illegal immigration to the United States and dramatically reduce the number of illegal border crossings.

END SANCTUARY CITIES -- At last count, more than 300 sanctuary jurisdictions exist across the country, including California which recently passed legislation making it a sanctuary state. Jurisdictions that protect illegal aliens from removal encourages illegal border crossings because illegal aliens know they have hundreds of safe-havens to choose from once they get here.

TERMINATE FLORES AGREEMENT -- The spike in the apprehension of family units is a result of the Flores Agreement, which restricts the period of time that Border Patrol can detain family units. The Flores Agreement encourages illegal border crossers to cross with children, knowing that Border Patrol has to release them after a certain period of time. If BP were able to hold family units until their court date, family units would be less likely to cross the border illegally.

All of Homan's policy recommendations are included in Rep. Bob Goodlatte's H.R. 4760, the Securing America's Future Act, but not surprisingly, none are part of the ongoing DACA amnesty negotiations between House Republicans.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Mexico
Here’s How Mexico Treats Illegal Immigrants

Authored by: Matt Palumbo

While combating illegal immigration has long been a bipartisan issue, the so-called anti-Trump “resistance” has decided that guilt tripping anyone who supports a sensible immigration policy is a viable political strategy. We’ve all heard the arguments; that opposing illegal immigration is preventing people from “just looking for a better life,” or over the past few months, is “separating families.” And of course there’s the most common insult, that enforcing immigration laws is “racist.”

But are America’s immigration laws, or our treatment of illegal immigrants uniquely awful?

To answer that question, let’s examine the situation in another nation: Mexico.

Mexico Rejects More Asylum Requests than the U.S. 

Speaking of the rise in asylum request rejections under Trump, a writer at the American-Statesman noted a “dramatic” change. They write, “Immigration judges, who are employed by the Justice Department and not the judicial branch like other federal judges, rejected 61.8 percent of asylum cases decided in 2017, the highest denial rate since 2005.”

Meanwhile in Mexico, nearly 90 percent of asylum requests are denied (and the figures are similarly high for other Latin American countries, such as El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala).

Mexico Regulates Immigration Based on Race

I only bring this up, because for all the rhetoric about Trump’s supposed racism or disdain for certain immigrants, there is one country that does regulate their immigration flows by race, and that’s the country Trump is most accused of being racist against.

In Article 37 of Mexico’s General Law of Population, we learn that their Department of the Interior shall be able to deny foreigners entry into Mexico, if, among other reasons, they may disrupt the “domestic demographic equilibrium.” Additionally, Article 37 also states that immigrants can be removed if they’re detrimental to “economic or national interests.”

Mexico Deports More Central American Illegal Immigrants than the United States

In July 2014, former Mexican president, Enrique Peña Nieto and former president of Guatemala Otto Pérez Molina, announced the start of a migration security project called Plan Frontera Sur (Southern Border Plan). The U.S. has committed at least $100 million towards this plan to help aid Mexican border security, because it’s mutually beneficial. Both Mexico and the U.S. want to keep out Central American illegal immigrants (and they have to pass through Mexico to reach the U.S.)..

Since Plan Frontera Sur, Mexico has deported more central American illegal immigrants than we have in the U.S. Even CNN had to acknowledge that:

According to statistics from the US and Mexican governments compiled by the nonpartisan Migration Policy Institute, Mexico in 2015 apprehended tens of thousands more Central Americans in its country than the US did at its border, and in 2015 and 2016 it deported roughly twice as many Central Americans as the US did.Since migrant children are the hot-button topic in the American immigration debate currently; In 2014 there were 18,169 migrant children were deported from Mexico, and 8,350 deported to Central America the year before. From January 2015 to July 2016, 39,751 unaccompanied minors were put in the custody of Mexican authorities.

A report this year from Amnesty International concluded that “Mexican migration authorities are routinely turning back thousands of people from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala to their countries without considering the risk to their life and security upon return, in many cases violating international and domestic law by doing so.”

Mexico Has Their Own Southern Border – and Invisible Wall

For us much as Donald Trump is criticized by the political class in Mexico for wanting to beef up security on the U.S.-Mexico border, as previously mentioned, Mexico has accepted our help in enforcing their immigration laws on their own southern border with Guatemala. While they don’t have a literal border fence, they do have checkpoints, patrols, raids, etc. According to NPR:

Rather than amassing troops on its border with Guatemala, Mexico stations migration agents, local and federal police, soldiers and marines to create a kind of containment zone in Chiapas state. With roving checkpoints and raids, Mexican migration agents have formed a formidable deportation force.
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

14 killed in shooting attacks in Mexican border city

Read more at:
//economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/64717234.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_cam____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________In Homan's conversation with CIS's Jessica Vaughan, he identified five actions that Congress can take to end the surge of illegal border crossings.


===============================================================================================================================================================================

The Current "Wall" Images

========================================================================================================================================================

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NEW BOOK by Judicial Watch's Tom Fitton: Clean House: Exposing Our Government's Secrets and Lies

Judicial Watch: Open Records Laws and Resources ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Leo Banks is a Tucson-based reporter who covers border-related issues.

New Book
Double Wide
A novel by
Leo W Banks

=================================================================================================================================================================================

Excerpt from CIS: https://cis.org/Fact-Sheet/Asylum-Removal-and-Immigration-Courts

Asylum

Definition:

An applicant for asylum has the burden to demonstrate that he or she is eligible for that protection. To satisfy that burden, the applicant must prove that he or she is a refugee. A “refugee” is a person outside of his or her country of nationality or habitual residence who is “unable or unwilling” to return to that country “because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.”

Talking Points:

Expedited Removal

Definition:

The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) allows immigration officers — rather than judges — to order the deportation of arriving aliens who are inadmissible because of fraud or misrepresentation, because they have no documentation (like a passport or a visa) that would allow them to be admitted, or because they entered illegally and are apprehended within 100 miles of the border and 14 days of entry.

Talking Point:

Credible Fear

Definition:

If an alien in expedited removal asserts a fear of persecution, the arresting officer will refer the alien to an asylum officer for a “credible fear interview”. If the asylum officer determines that the alien has a credible fear, the alien is placed in removal proceedings before an immigration judge, where the alien can file his or her application for asylum. Under the INA, the term “‘credible fear of persecution’ means that there is a significant possibility, taking into account the credibility of the statements made by the alien in support of the alien’s claim and such other facts as are known to the officer, that the alien could establish eligibility for asylum under section 208.” This is a very low standard, and credible fear is found in 75 to 90 percent of all cases in which an alien claims credible fear.

Talking Points:

Bond

Definition:

“Bond” is the term used in immigration for the release of an alien pending removal proceedings or removal. Aliens can be released on their own recognizance, or on a minimum bond of $1,500. Bond can be granted by either an immigration judge or U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).

Parole

Definition:

“Parole” is the term used in immigration for the release of an arriving alien. It can only be granted by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Again, DHS can release an alien on parole on his or her own recognizance, or for a sum of money as bond.

Unaccompanied Alien Child (UAC)

Definition:

An alien under the age of 18 who enters the United States or is apprehended by DHS who does not have a parent or guardian in the United States. Under section 462 of the Homeland Security Act (2002), UACs must be turned over to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), not DHS, for detention.

Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 (TVPRA)

Definition:

Modified the rules governing the detention of unaccompanied alien children (UACs). Under the TVPRA, UACs must be turned over to HHS within 48 hours of detention by DHS, or identification as a UAC, and “promptly placed in the least restrictive setting that is in the best interest of the child,” generally meaning release to a family member or friend.

Talking Point:

Flores Settlement Agreement

Definition:

An agreement between the then-Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and a class of alien minors in 1997, which is currently overseen by Judge Dolly Gee of the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. In 2016, it was read to create a presumption in favor of the release of all alien minors, even those alien minors who arrive with their parents.

Talking Points:

Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR)

Definition:

Agency of the Department of Justice (DOJ) with jurisdiction over the immigration courts and the Board of immigration appeals (BIA).

Immigration Courts

Definition:

Courts with primary jurisdiction over removal proceedings. Immigration judges in these courts determine removability, set bond where they have jurisdiction, and can adjudicate applications for relief from removal, including asylum.

Talking Point:

Backlog

Definition:

Cases that have been pending before the immigration courts for more than one year. The backlog more than doubled from FYs 2006 through 2015, primarily due to declining numbers of cases completed per year. There were 437,000 pending cases at the start of FY 2015, when the median pending time was 404 days.

Talking Points:

Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA)

Definition:

 Appellate tribunal with jurisdiction over appeals from immigration courts. Most aliens have a right to appeal immigration court decisions to the BIA.

Topics: Immigration Courts, Asylum

Fact Sheet
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Southwest Border Tour, Spring 2019: Hosted by the Center for Immigration Studies
Read Accounts and View Pictures of Past Tours:
Unrest in the Rio Grande Valley
Diligence on a Changing Canadian Border
Constant Activity on the California Border
Holding Steady in West Texas
A Washington Narrative Meets Reality
Sunshine, Saguaros, and Smugglers
Reflections from the Border

 

End of 2/8/2019 BORDER NEWS WATCH SPECIAL EDITION

 

 

2/15/2019 BORDER NEWS WATCH SPECIAL EDITION

 

Fast and Furious
Man convicted of 1st-degree murder in border agent's death
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________ US Congress
NumbersUSA Opposes Budget Deal, Advocates Continuing Resolution
Here are the Republicans who voted to gut interior enforcement...

FAIR Reveals Bombshell Amnesty Provision in Government Funding Bill

Ted Cruz says billions in assets tied to 'El Chapo' should fund the border wall
GOP/Dem Deal Keeps Catch and Release for Thousands of Illegal Aliens
Rep. Lowey on Border Security Compromise: 'This Is Not a Wall, This Is a Barrier'
Rep. Liz Cheney: When Committee Members Heard from Border Agents in Testimony, ‘It Really Made a Difference’

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Opinion
Letter: There’s no fake emergency at the border
Take Responsibility To Solve Your Own Problems

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The "Wall"
Spending Bill Allows Mexican Cartel-Connected Texas Counties to Stop Border Wall
A fenceless border is defenseless

A brief history of US-Mexico 'wall'
 Steve Bannon's 'MAGA original gangsters' raise money here for private border wall

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Border Perspective
Border security and comprehensive immigration reform

Trump Supporters Form ‘Human Wall’ at Section of Mexican Border (VIDEO)
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

DHS
DHS Files Many Indictments in an Attack on Birth Tourism
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Military Support
Will Another 3,750 Military Members on the Border Do Any Good?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
CBP Website
ICE Website
FOX News on Immigration

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Border Patrol
Border Patrol's Expensive New Mission
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Judicial
Government Can Waive Environmental Laws To Build Border Wall Prototypes, Court Rules
9th Circuit Sides With Trump On Environmental Waivers For Border Wall
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Flores/TVPRA
The History of the Flores Settlement: How a 1997 agreement cracked open our detention laws

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Judicial /Narcotrerrorism
Manhattan U.S. Attorney Announces Extradition Of OFAC- Sanctioned Afghan Man For Narco-Terrorism Offense
EXCLUSIVE — Mexican Narco-Terrorist Linked to Arson Attack in Border State ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Immigrant Crime
SCAAP Data Suggest Illegal Aliens Commit Crime at a Much Higher Rate Than Citizens and Lawful Immigrants
For the Last Time, Here's the Real Link Between Immigration and Crime

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
ICE
ICE: Democratic Party Efforts To Restrict Beds Will Lead To Release Of Criminal Illegal Immigrants

Guatemalan Man Sent Back By ICE Agents To Face Attempted Homicide Charges
NY Assemblymembers to feds: Scale back ICE courthouse arrests

ICE Holding Over 100 Transgender People in Detention Facilities

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Terrorism
A Terror Case the "Travel Ban" Would Have Prevented
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Illegal Alien Criminality
Fake Family Units at the Border

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Immigration Policy
Reform of U.S. skilled-worker visa program wins praise
Pres. Trump Uses Cabinet Meeting to Call for Increased Immigration
CIS Releases New Population Projections Based on Census Bureau Data
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Illegal Immigration Policy
The History of the Flores Settlement: How a 1997 agreement cracked open our detention laws

 
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Illegal Immigration
Illegal Immigration Expected to Hit Highest Level Since George W. Bush
1300 Migrants Apprehended in South Texas in One Day — Most Since 2014

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Immigration Court
Skipping Court

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Birth Tourism
DHS Files Many Indictments in an Attack on Birth Tourism

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________
Smuggling
Law Enforcement Working to End Juvenile Drug Smuggling
'El Chapo' faces prison for life, but Mexico drug trade persists
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
El Paso Texas
Border Apprehensions Surge 400 Percent in El Paso, ‘Smugglers Try to Overwhelm Us,’ Agent Says
El Paso a Major Smuggling Route for Mexican Drugs, Illegal Aliens, & Islamic Terrorists
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Arizona
Amid pullouts in other states, Ducey decides to keep National Guard troops at border
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
California
California Gov. Newsom Mostly Ends State's National Guard Border Deployment ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Central American Migrants
Sitrep: Central American Caravans
Fake Family Units at the Border
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Asylum
The History of the Flores Settlement: How a 1997 agreement cracked open our detention laws
Lawsuit challenges Trump plan keeping asylum-seekers in Mexico until case decided
Fake Family Units at the Border
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
El Chapo
El Chapo Trial: Government Press Release
Fund The Border Wall With El Chapo’s Assets

Make El Chapo pay for a border wall? Don’t count on it
Joaquin “EL CHAPO’ Guzman, Sinaloa Cartel leader, convicted of running a continuing criminal enterprise and other drug related charges
Mexican drug lord 'El Chapo' found guilty in US trial over drug-trafficking charges
Ted Cruz says billions in assets tied to 'El Chapo' should fund the border wall
'El Chapo' faces prison for life, but Mexico drug trade persists
The Dirty Secret of El Chapo’s Downfall
The Rise and Fall of 'El Chapo,' Mexico's Most Wanted Kingpin
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Cartels
Borderland Beat
A photographer kidnapped and Tortured in Mexico, part one
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
GOM

'El Chapo' faces prison for life, but Mexico drug trade persists
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Politics
DC Mayor Gives Open Borders Group $100,000 to Help Immigrants Become Citizens
US President Donald Trump mulls Mexico border wall deal ending threat to government
How Castro's communism drives illegal immigration
On El Paso’s Shelter Place, an American divide over immigrants and immigration
Over 300 Migrants Jump Border Near President's Wall Rally
How President Trump is dismantling the world’s refugee regime
WATCH LIVE: Beto O'Rourke leads protest against Trump's proposed border wall
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Selected Incidents
Border Patrol Agents Rescue Four Migrants Abandoned by Human Smugglers
Enough Fentanyl to Kill 4M Americans Seized by Border Patrol in California
A photographer kidnapped and Tortured in Mexico, part one

‘Huge and sophisticated’ operation: Mexican cartel meth lab busted in Atlanta suburb
Border Patrol agents save family from Rio Grande attempting to flee Mexico

MCSO, Border Patrol agents seize $2 million in meth, marijuana near Gila Bend
Border patrol officer shoots man trying to cross into Mexico
Previously Deported Armed Robber Apprehended By Casa Grande Border Patrol Agents
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Books
Double Wide
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Insight Crime News
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

·         Mexico’s Santa Rosa de Lima Cartel Risks Burning Too Bright, Too Fast

·         Colombia Drug Policy Ignores Growing Local Market

·         Recent Arms Seizures Underscore Risks of Venezuela’s Political Tension

·         Argentina’s Booming Marijuana Trade Crippling Jails

·         US Jury Finds El Chapo Guilty, But Mexico Drug War Wages On

·         Large Deposit Brings Illegal Gold Rush to Ecuador

·         Nicaragua President Ordered ‘Parapolice’ to Stalk, Kill Protesters: Fmr Police

·         AMLO Security Crackdown Met With Mexico Cartel Death Threats

·         The Collaborators in Guatemala: Chained to the MS13

·         Peru’s Crusade Against Corruption Faces Severe Uphill Struggle

·         Corruption Probe Catches Up With Former Honduras President Porfirio Lobo

·         Colombian Loan Sharks in Mexico Enjoy Major Cartel Protection

 


_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The following was excerpted from: Breitbart News  See: https://www.breitbart.com/border/2019/01/08/29-facts-about-the-border-and-mexican-cartels-you-need-to-know/

29 Facts About the Border and Mexican Cartels You Need to Know

As the debate about the construction of a wall and other border security issues, here are 29 facts that you need to know. The topics came up during the most recent episode of “Coffee with Scott Adams.” Brandon Darby, the Managing Editor for Breitbart’s Border and Cartel Chronicles, sat down with the famed creator of the Dilbert comics to discuss the intricacies of border security.

1) No one is proposing a wall between all of Mexico and the U.S.—the U.S. southern border is approximately 2,000 miles. The discussion is about 1,000 miles of physical barriers in regions that are heavily controlled by drug cartels.

2) The Texas border is about 1,200 miles of the approximately 2,000 miles of the total southern border. Most of that border is the Rio Grande, a river which varies in intensity with respect to currents.

3) Mexico has numerous states under the direct influence of drug cartels that have standing armies with access to RPGs, armored vehicles, artillery, and explosives. Most of Mexico has military forces patrolling streets to deal with cartel paramilitary forces.

4) The most violent drug cartels operate south of the Texas border. Factions of Los Zetas and the Gulf Cartel routinely allow their violence to spill over to the average person.

5) The border city of Tijuana has some of the highest murder statistics in all of Mexico. Despite record-setting figures, most of the victims tend to be tied to drug trafficking.

6) Border cities south of Texas like Reynosa, Tamaulipas, have much lower murder rates than Tijuana. Despite the difference, average citizens are often touched by cartels including shootouts, kidnappings, and other violent activities.

7) Most of the efforts by drug cartels to control migration happens South of the Texas border. Criminal organizations like the Reynosa faction of the Gulf Cartel profit more from human smuggling than drug trafficking.

8) The majority of tunnels are found on the Arizona and California borders. The tunnels are generally discovered in areas where there are population centers on both sides of the border and a wall or fence is already in place. Few have been found in Texas, where there is a river.

9) Most tunnels are discovered thanks to informants; law enforcement technology has rarely been successful in locating border tunnels.

10) Most of the border does not have a drug tunnel problem. They are typically found in Douglas and Nogales, Arizona, as well as Mexicali, San Diego/San Isidro, California.

11) Cartels spend a lot of money building a tunnel–only to be discovered shortly after.

12) Claims by Democrats about the low crime rates in El Paso are an example of walls working. In areas with considerable border barriers such as El Paso, the regional criminal groups turn more professional and shy away from illegal immigration to traffic harder drugs through ports of entry.

13) The presence of physical barriers in cities like El Paso has led to fewer people coming over the border to commit petty crimes or bring loads of drugs on their backs. The criminal organizations in the area shifted toward corrupting U.S. Customs and Border Protection officials to smuggle harder drugs.

14) A partially secured border is more deadly than an open or well-secured one. Previous administrations put barriers south of most cities in Arizona and California to funnel illicit traffic into areas that were easier to manage or too desolate to cross. This led to a spike in deaths since the desire of people to reach the U.S. pushes them to more remote and dangerous areas

15) Human smuggling and illegal immigration will continue to be a problem until economic opportunities improve in Mexico and in Central America.

16) Mexican transnational criminal groups and their leaders have grown beyond the size and power of the American mafia from Prohibition Era and Al Capone. Cartels are integrated into the Mexican political culture and bureaucracy. Legalization would not stop them.

17) The decriminalization of marijuana and the production of higher quality plants in the U.S. versus Mexico had a series of unspoken consequences. After marijuana from Mexico was not able to compete with U.S.-grown plants, some cartels shifted their model more toward human smuggling–becoming a factor in the 2014 migrant crisis and the current one at the U.S. border.

18) After marijuana decriminalization in the U.S., cartels shifted to increase their cultivation of poppies and the production of black tar heroin. In order to compete with the Asian product, cartels use fentanyl–playing a role in the current opioid overdose epidemic.

19) The U.S. State Department influences how hard authorities crack down on cartels. U.S. agencies have been told to “measure their law enforcement priorities with the State Department’s diplomatic concerns.”

20) A cartel’s power in Mexico comes not from kingpins, but from politicians, financiers, lawyers, and money launderers. U.S. authorities and diplomats routinely focus on kingpins such as “El Chapo” and his lieutenants, but never go after the rest of the circle.

21) The state of Tamaulipas, directly south of Texas, has two former governors currently indicted for their alleged roles in helping cartels. One remains in Mexico, while the other is in U.S. custody awaiting trial.

22) U.S. diplomats are negotiating and playing along with the same Mexican politicians that protect cartels, in the interest of trade and diplomacy.

23) Certain factions of drug cartels have crossed the line into terrorism and should classified as such. The designation would change the way the U.S. alienates them from banks, financial resources, and politicians. Other cartels would be forced to tone down their actions or risk similar consequences.

24) Worries of Middle Eastern terrorists crossing the southwestern border are at times mitigated by cartel members who are informants for U.S. agencies that enjoy handsome incentives to turn people in.

25) The more likely scenario for terrorism deals with people flying into Canada and then entering the U.S. with visas. Most people on the terror watch list who try to enter the U.S. across the southern border are Somalis or Kurds.

26) Certain organizations like Los Zetas and the Gulf Cartel present more of an imminent threat than foreign terrorists entering through the southern border.

27) Mexico’s ongoing cartel violence and drug war has led to more murders and disappearances than some international wars. Mexico has suffered more than 250,000 homicides and at least 30,000 disappearances since 2009.

28) Up to 70 percent of the women and girls from Central America who come through Mexico to the U.S. are sexually assaulted en route. Most women who leave Central America for the U.S. have the expectation of facing multiple abuses at the hands of cartel-connected human smugglers.

29) The State Department keeps U.S. law enforcement from being more aggressive against cartels. The State Department has everything to do with how law enforcement and intelligence agencies operate in Mexico–and any effort to secure the border without addressing the Department’s timidity in Mexico will likely fail or be less successful than it otherwise could be.

Ildefonso Ortiz is an award-winning journalist with Breitbart Texas. He co-founded the Cartel Chronicles project with Brandon Darby and Stephen K. Bannon.  You can follow him on Twitter and on Facebook. He can be contacted at Iortiz@breitbart.com.
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From ICE Acting Director Homan:

Excerpt from: https://www.numbersusa.com/blog/blame-congress-rapid-rise-illegal-border-crossings

REFORM THE TRAFFICKING VICTIMS PROTECTION REAUTHORIZATION ACT (TVPRA) -- Commonly referred to as the William Wilberforce Act, TVPRA prohibits Border Patrol from quickly removing unaccompanied children from non-contiguous countries who attempt to cross the border illegally. UACs from Mexico and Canada can be quickly returned once Border Patrol is able to determine that they're not victims of human trafficking. But for minors from countries outside of Mexico and Canada, minors must be turned over to Health and Human Services, allowing them to stay in the country indefinitely.

REFORM THE ASYLUM PROCESS -- Under existing law, anyone apprehended at the border who makes a credible fear claim that passes the initial screening is released. Since 2008, there's been a 1700% spike in the number of credible fear claims made at the Southern border, and 80% pass the credible fear screening. However, only 20% of those who pass the credible fear screening are granted asylum by a federal judge.

MANDATE E-VERIFY -- Foreign nationals cross the border illegally because they can obtain jobs in the U.S. Homan said requiring all employers to use E-Verify would discourage most illegal immigration to the United States and dramatically reduce the number of illegal border crossings.

END SANCTUARY CITIES -- At last count, more than 300 sanctuary jurisdictions exist across the country, including California which recently passed legislation making it a sanctuary state. Jurisdictions that protect illegal aliens from removal encourages illegal border crossings because illegal aliens know they have hundreds of safe-havens to choose from once they get here.

TERMINATE FLORES AGREEMENT -- The spike in the apprehension of family units is a result of the Flores Agreement, which restricts the period of time that Border Patrol can detain family units. The Flores Agreement encourages illegal border crossers to cross with children, knowing that Border Patrol has to release them after a certain period of time. If BP were able to hold family units until their court date, family units would be less likely to cross the border illegally.

All of Homan's policy recommendations are included in Rep. Bob Goodlatte's H.R. 4760, the Securing America's Future Act, but not surprisingly, none are part of the ongoing DACA amnesty negotiations between House Republicans.

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Mexico
Here’s How Mexico Treats Illegal Immigrants

Authored by: Matt Palumbo

While combating illegal immigration has long been a bipartisan issue, the so-called anti-Trump “resistance” has decided that guilt tripping anyone who supports a sensible immigration policy is a viable political strategy. We’ve all heard the arguments; that opposing illegal immigration is preventing people from “just looking for a better life,” or over the past few months, is “separating families.” And of course there’s the most common insult, that enforcing immigration laws is “racist.”

But are America’s immigration laws, or our treatment of illegal immigrants uniquely awful?

To answer that question, let’s examine the situation in another nation: Mexico.

Mexico Rejects More Asylum Requests than the U.S. 

Speaking of the rise in asylum request rejections under Trump, a writer at the American-Statesman noted a “dramatic” change. They write, “Immigration judges, who are employed by the Justice Department and not the judicial branch like other federal judges, rejected 61.8 percent of asylum cases decided in 2017, the highest denial rate since 2005.”

Meanwhile in Mexico, nearly 90 percent of asylum requests are denied (and the figures are similarly high for other Latin American countries, such as El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala).

Mexico Regulates Immigration Based on Race

I only bring this up, because for all the rhetoric about Trump’s supposed racism or disdain for certain immigrants, there is one country that does regulate their immigration flows by race, and that’s the country Trump is most accused of being racist against.

In Article 37 of Mexico’s General Law of Population, we learn that their Department of the Interior shall be able to deny foreigners entry into Mexico, if, among other reasons, they may disrupt the “domestic demographic equilibrium.” Additionally, Article 37 also states that immigrants can be removed if they’re detrimental to “economic or national interests.”

Mexico Deports More Central American Illegal Immigrants than the United States

In July 2014, former Mexican president, Enrique Peña Nieto and former president of Guatemala Otto Pérez Molina, announced the start of a migration security project called Plan Frontera Sur (Southern Border Plan). The U.S. has committed at least $100 million towards this plan to help aid Mexican border security, because it’s mutually beneficial. Both Mexico and the U.S. want to keep out Central American illegal immigrants (and they have to pass through Mexico to reach the U.S.)..

Since Plan Frontera Sur, Mexico has deported more central American illegal immigrants than we have in the U.S. Even CNN had to acknowledge that:

According to statistics from the US and Mexican governments compiled by the nonpartisan Migration Policy Institute, Mexico in 2015 apprehended tens of thousands more Central Americans in its country than the US did at its border, and in 2015 and 2016 it deported roughly twice as many Central Americans as the US did.Since migrant children are the hot-button topic in the American immigration debate currently; In 2014 there were 18,169 migrant children were deported from Mexico, and 8,350 deported to Central America the year before. From January 2015 to July 2016, 39,751 unaccompanied minors were put in the custody of Mexican authorities.

A report this year from Amnesty International concluded that “Mexican migration authorities are routinely turning back thousands of people from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala to their countries without considering the risk to their life and security upon return, in many cases violating international and domestic law by doing so.”

Mexico Has Their Own Southern Border – and Invisible Wall

For us much as Donald Trump is criticized by the political class in Mexico for wanting to beef up security on the U.S.-Mexico border, as previously mentioned, Mexico has accepted our help in enforcing their immigration laws on their own southern border with Guatemala. While they don’t have a literal border fence, they do have checkpoints, patrols, raids, etc. According to NPR:

Rather than amassing troops on its border with Guatemala, Mexico stations migration agents, local and federal police, soldiers and marines to create a kind of containment zone in Chiapas state. With roving checkpoints and raids, Mexican migration agents have formed a formidable deportation force.
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14 killed in shooting attacks in Mexican border city

Read more at:
//economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/64717234.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_cam____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
In Homan's conversation with CIS's Jessica Vaughan, he identified five actions that Congress can take to end the surge of illegal border crossings.


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The Current "Wall" Images

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NEW BOOK by Judicial Watch's Tom Fitton: Clean House: Exposing Our Government's Secrets and Lies

Judicial Watch: Open Records Laws and Resources ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Leo Banks is a Tucson-based reporter who covers border-related issues.

New Book
Double Wide
A novel by Leo W Banks

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Excerpt from CIS: https://cis.org/Fact-Sheet/Asylum-Removal-and-Immigration-Courts

Asylum

Definition:

An applicant for asylum has the burden to demonstrate that he or she is eligible for that protection. To satisfy that burden, the applicant must prove that he or she is a refugee. A “refugee” is a person outside of his or her country of nationality or habitual residence who is “unable or unwilling” to return to that country “because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.”

Talking Points:

Expedited Removal

Definition:

The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) allows immigration officers — rather than judges — to order the deportation of arriving aliens who are inadmissible because of fraud or misrepresentation, because they have no documentation (like a passport or a visa) that would allow them to be admitted, or because they entered illegally and are apprehended within 100 miles of the border and 14 days of entry.

Talking Point:

Credible Fear

Definition:

If an alien in expedited removal asserts a fear of persecution, the arresting officer will refer the alien to an asylum officer for a “credible fear interview”. If the asylum officer determines that the alien has a credible fear, the alien is placed in removal proceedings before an immigration judge, where the alien can file his or her application for asylum. Under the INA, the term “‘credible fear of persecution’ means that there is a significant possibility, taking into account the credibility of the statements made by the alien in support of the alien’s claim and such other facts as are known to the officer, that the alien could establish eligibility for asylum under section 208.” This is a very low standard, and credible fear is found in 75 to 90 percent of all cases in which an alien claims credible fear.

Talking Points:

Bond

Definition:

“Bond” is the term used in immigration for the release of an alien pending removal proceedings or removal. Aliens can be released on their own recognizance, or on a minimum bond of $1,500. Bond can be granted by either an immigration judge or U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).

Parole

Definition:

“Parole” is the term used in immigration for the release of an arriving alien. It can only be granted by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Again, DHS can release an alien on parole on his or her own recognizance, or for a sum of money as bond.

Unaccompanied Alien Child (UAC)

Definition:

An alien under the age of 18 who enters the United States or is apprehended by DHS who does not have a parent or guardian in the United States. Under section 462 of the Homeland Security Act (2002), UACs must be turned over to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), not DHS, for detention.

Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 (TVPRA)

Definition:

Modified the rules governing the detention of unaccompanied alien children (UACs). Under the TVPRA, UACs must be turned over to HHS within 48 hours of detention by DHS, or identification as a UAC, and “promptly placed in the least restrictive setting that is in the best interest of the child,” generally meaning release to a family member or friend.

Talking Point:

Flores Settlement Agreement

Definition:

An agreement between the then-Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and a class of alien minors in 1997, which is currently overseen by Judge Dolly Gee of the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. In 2016, it was read to create a presumption in favor of the release of all alien minors, even those alien minors who arrive with their parents.

Talking Points:

Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR)

Definition:

Agency of the Department of Justice (DOJ) with jurisdiction over the immigration courts and the Board of immigration appeals (BIA).

Immigration Courts

Definition:

Courts with primary jurisdiction over removal proceedings. Immigration judges in these courts determine removability, set bond where they have jurisdiction, and can adjudicate applications for relief from removal, including asylum.

Talking Point:

Backlog

Definition:

Cases that have been pending before the immigration courts for more than one year. The backlog more than doubled from FYs 2006 through 2015, primarily due to declining numbers of cases completed per year. There were 437,000 pending cases at the start of FY 2015, when the median pending time was 404 days.

Talking Points:

Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA)

Definition:

 Appellate tribunal with jurisdiction over appeals from immigration courts. Most aliens have a right to appeal immigration court decisions to the BIA.

Topics: Immigration Courts, Asylum

Fact Sheet
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Southwest Border Tour, Spring 2019: Hosted by the Center for Immigration Studies
Read Accounts and View Pictures of Past Tours:
Unrest in the Rio Grande Valley
Diligence on a Changing Canadian Border
Constant Activity on the California Border
Holding Steady in West Texas
A Washington Narrative Meets Reality
Sunshine, Saguaros, and Smugglers
Reflections from the Border

End of 2/15/2019 BORDER NEWS WATCH SPECIAL EDITION